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Why firms avoid cutting wages : survey evidence from European firms (English)

Firms very rarely cut nominal wages, even in the face of considerable negative economic shocks. This paper uses a unique survey of fourteen European countries to ask firms directly about the incidence of wage cuts and to assess the relevance of a range of potential reasons for why the firms avoid cutting wages. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6976 JUL 01, 2014

Du Caju, Philip; Kosma, Theodora; Lawless, Martina; Messina, Julian; Room, Tairi

Evolving wage cyclicality in Latin America (English)

A vector autoregression model with time-varying coefficients is used to examine the evolution of wage cyclicality in four Latin American economies: Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Mexico, during the period 1980-2010. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6978 JUL 01, 2014

Messina, Julian; Gambetti, Luca

Morocco - Second Skills and Employment Development Policy Loan Project (English)

Program Information Document 89644 JUL 01, 2014

Sticky feet : how labor market frictions shape the impact of international trade on jobs and wages (English)

This report analyzes the paths by which developing country labor markets adjust to permanent trade-related shocks. Trade shocks can bring about reallocation of labor between industries, but the presence of labor mobility costs implies economy-wide losses because they extend the period of economic adjustment. ... See More +

Publication 88890 JUN 17, 2014

Hollweg, Claire H.; Lederman, Daniel; Rojas, Diego; Bulmer, Elizabeth Ruppert

Uzbekistan - South Karakalpakstan Water Resources Management Improvement Project : chair summary (English)

Board Summary 88706 JUN 12, 2014

Understanding the poverty impact of the global financial crisis in Latin America and the Caribbean (English)

Any time there is an economic crisis; there is the very real potential that its consequences for human welfare will be severe. Thus when the developed world plunged into such a crisis in 2008 and growth rates in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) began to plummet, fears rose that the region will suffer rising unemployment, poverty, malnutrition, and infant mortality, among other things. ... See More +

Publication 88887 JUN 12, 2014

Bussolo, Maurizio; Dixon, Peter; Freije, Samuel; Fruttero, Anna; Grosh, Margaret; de Hoyos, Rafael E.; Oliveri, Maria Laura; Rimmer, Maureen; Savescu, Cristina; Verikios, George

Tajikistan - Country Partnership Strategy FY15-18 : chair summary (English)

Board Summary 88633 JUN 10, 2014

Human Resources Committee (HRC) : minutes of the meeting held on Wednesday, June 4, 2014 (English)

Minutes 88826 JUN 04, 2014

Immigrant versus natives ? displacement and job creation (English)

The impact of immigration on native workers is driven by two countervailing forces: the degree of substitutability between natives and immigrants, and the increased demand for native workers as immigrants reduce the cost of production and output expands. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6900 JUN 01, 2014

Ozden, Caglar; Wagner, Mathis

Child labor and learning (English)

This paper uses a unique micro panel dataset of Brazilian students to investigate the impact of working while in school on learning outcomes. The potential endogeneity is addressed through the use of difference-in-difference and instrumental variable estimators. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6904 JUN 01, 2014

Emerson, Patrick M.; Ponczek, Vladimir; Portela Souza, Andre

Pay flexibility and government performance : a multicountry study (English)

This study examines whether financial incentives through pay flexibility can improve the performance of staff in government bureaucracies. Its main messages for pay policy are pay flexibility can improve performance, pay flexibility works most strikingly in changing managerial behavior. ... See More +

Working Paper 88486 JUN 01, 2014

Economic development and female labor participation in the Middle East and North Africa : a test of the u-shape hypothesis (English)

The Middle East and North Africa region is known for having low female labor market participation rates as compared with its level of economic development. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6927 JUN 01, 2014

Verme, Paolo

Comparative advantage, international trade, and fertility (English)

This paper analyzes theoretically and empirically the impact of comparative advantage in international trade on fertility. It builds a model in which industries differ in the extent to which they use female relative to male labor and countries are characterized by Ricardian comparative advantage in either female labor or male labor intensive goods. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6930 JUN 01, 2014

Do, Quy-Toan; Levchenko, Andrei; Raddatz, Claudio

Social assistance and labor market programs in Latin America : methodology and key findings from the social protection database (English)

How much do countries spend on social protection? Do social protection programs cover all poor people? And, how well are they targeted? It is notoriously hard to find comprehensive cross-country data on social protection programs which can help answer such questions and allow to benchmark social protection systems. ... See More +

Working Paper 88769 JUN 01, 2014

Cerutti, Paula ; Fruttero, Anna ; Grosh, Margaret ; Kostenbaum, Silvana ; Oliveri, Maria Laura ; Rodriguez-Alas, Claudia ; Strokova, Victoria

Social insurance reform in Jordan : awareness and perceptions of employment opportunities for women (English)

The new social insurance law introduced by the Jordanian government in 2010 was created in part to improve the likelihood of women’s employment through non- and gender specific changes. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 89187 JUN 01, 2014

Brodmann, Stefanie ; Jillson, Irene ; Hassan, Nahla

Trade and shared prosperity in the Caribbean region (English)

This policy note is based on the seven chapters of the Caribbean trade report, The New Trade Environment and Shared Prosperity in the Caribbean, prepared by the World Bank for the Caribbean Growth Forum. ... See More +

Working Paper 89424 JUN 01, 2014

Jobs or privileges : unleashing the employment potential of the Middle East and North Africa (English)

This report argues that Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries face a critical choice in their quest for higher private sector growth and more jobs: promote competition, equal opportunities for all entrepreneurs and dismantle existing privileges to specific firms or risk perpetuating the current equilibrium of low job creation. ... See More +

Other Urban Study 88879 JUN 01, 2014

Schiffbauer, Marc; Sy, Abdoulaye; Hussain, Sahar
; Sahnoun, Hania; Keefer, Philip; Diwan, Ishac; Kadi, Dalia Al; Doemeland, Doerte; Rijkers, Bob

More jobs, better jobs : a priority for Egypt (English)

Much of the current debate around the recent economic crisis in the Arab Republic of Egypt has focused on unemployment. Although unemployment is an important marker of labor market health, the jobs problem in Egypt precedes the recent crisis and is manifested markedly in other labor market metrics. ... See More +

Working Paper 88447 JUN 01, 2014

Working toward better pay : earning dynamics in Ghana and Tanzania (English)

Improving access to productive employment is a key policy challenge, especially in low-income countries (LICs), where the only asset in abundance is labor. ... See More +

Publication 88483 MAY 29, 2014

Falco, Paolo; Kerr, Andrew; Paci, Pierella; Rijkers, Bob

East Asia Pacific at work : employment, enterprise, and well-being (Vol. 1 of 2) (Thai)

The contribution of work to growth and household well-being is a growing concern in East Asia Pacific. The labor share of gross domestic product (GDP) in several countries in the region has been declining. ... See More +

Publication 88174 MAY 23, 2014

Packard, Truman G.; Nguyen, Trang Van

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Why firms avoid cutting wages : survey evidence from European firms (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2014 WPS6976 Policy Research Working Paper
Evolving wage cyclicality in Latin America (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2014 WPS6978 Policy Research Working Paper
Morocco - Second Skills and Employment Development Policy Loan Project (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2014 89644 Program Information Document
Sticky feet : how labor market frictions shape the impact of international trade on jobs and wages (English)
See More +
JUN 17, 2014 88890 Publication
Uzbekistan - South Karakalpakstan Water Resources Management Improvement Project : chair summary (English)
See More +
JUN 12, 2014 88706 Board Summary
Understanding the poverty impact of the global financial crisis in Latin America and the Caribbean (English)
See More +
JUN 12, 2014 88887 Publication
Tajikistan - Country Partnership Strategy FY15-18 : chair summary (English)
See More +
JUN 10, 2014 88633 Board Summary
Human Resources Committee (HRC) : minutes of the meeting held on Wednesday, June 4, 2014 (English)
See More +
JUN 04, 2014 88826 Minutes
Immigrant versus natives ? displacement and job creation (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 WPS6900 Policy Research Working Paper
Child labor and learning (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 WPS6904 Policy Research Working Paper
Pay flexibility and government performance : a multicountry study (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 88486 Working Paper
Economic development and female labor participation in the Middle East and North Africa : a test of the u-shape hypothesis (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 WPS6927 Policy Research Working Paper
Comparative advantage, international trade, and fertility (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 WPS6930 Policy Research Working Paper
Social assistance and labor market programs in Latin America : methodology and key findings from the social protection database (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 88769 Working Paper
Social insurance reform in Jordan : awareness and perceptions of employment opportunities for women (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 89187 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Trade and shared prosperity in the Caribbean region (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 89424 Working Paper
Jobs or privileges : unleashing the employment potential of the Middle East and North Africa (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 88879 Other Urban Study
More jobs, better jobs : a priority for Egypt (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 88447 Working Paper
Working toward better pay : earning dynamics in Ghana and Tanzania (English)
See More +
MAY 29, 2014 88483 Publication
East Asia Pacific at work : employment, enterprise, and well-being (Vol. 1 of 2) (Thai)
See More +
MAY 23, 2014 88174 Publication