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The GATT's starting point : tariff levels circa 1947 (English)

How high were import tariffs when GATT participants began negotiations to reduce them in 1947? Establishing this starting point is key to determining how successful the GATT has been in bringing down trade barriers. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7649 APR 26, 2016

Bown,Chad P.; Irwin,Douglas A. Disclosed

Armenia - Power Sector Financial Recovery Program Project : environmental assessment : Environmental and social system assessment (English)

The objective of the Power Sector Financial Recovery Program Project for Armenia is to contribute to improvement of financial viability of the state-owned power generation companies and the private power distribution company. ... See More +

Environmental Assessment 102186 MAR 24, 2016

Disclosed

Moldova - District heating and electricity tariff and affordability analysis (English)

The objective of the study is to: (i) assess the adequacy of the existing heat and electricity tariff levels for achieving financial viability of the energy sector operators; (ii) analyze the distributional implications of energy tariff increases; and (iii) assess the effectiveness of the existing social assistance programs and how to adjust them to mitigate the impact of energy tariff increase on the poor This report presents the key findings and recommendations for the Government of Moldova as well as other energy sector stakeholders. ... See More +

ESMAP Paper ACS13855 OCT 26, 2015

Bertholet,Fabrice Karl Disclosed

Political connections and tariff evasion : evidence from Tunisia : Réseaux politiques et fraude douanière : Données tirées de l’expérience tunisienne (French)

Are politically connected firms more likely to evade taxes? This paper presents evidence suggesting firms owned by President Ben Ali and his family were more prone to evade import tariffs. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7336 JUN 25, 2015

Rijkers,Bob; Baghdadi,Leila; Raballand,Gael J. R. F. English Disclosed

Political connections and tariff evasion : evidence from Tunisia (English)

Are politically connected firms more likely to evade taxes? This paper presents evidence suggesting firms owned by President Ben Ali and his family were more prone to evade import tariffs. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7336 JUN 24, 2015

Rijkers,Bob; Baghdadi,Leila; Raballand,Gael J. R. F. French Disclosed

Formulas for failure ? were the Doha tariff formulas too ambitious for success ? (English)

This paper views tariff-cutting formulas as a potential solution to the free-rider problem that arises when market opening is negotiated bilaterally and extended on a most-favored-nation basis. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7303 JUN 11, 2015

Laborde,David; Martin,William J. Disclosed

The critical mass approach to achieve a deal on green goods and services : what is on the table? how much to expect ? (English)

At the Davos forum of January 2014, a group of 14 countries pledged to launch negotiations on liberalizing trade in "green goods" (also known as "environmental" goods), focusing on the elimination of tariffs for an Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation list of 54 products. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7061 OCT 01, 2014

de Melo, Jaime; Vijil, Mariana Disclosed

Trade policy instruments over time (English)

This paper surveys political-economic research on the variety of instruments that governments use to conduct international trade policy. It presents key insights on the relationships between instruments such as tariffs, quotas, voluntary export restraints, and other nontariff barriers, as well as the ebb and flow of the national use of temporary trade barriers such as antidumping, countervailing duties, and safeguards. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6757 JAN 01, 2014

Bown, Chad P. Disclosed

Armenia - Power sector tariff study (English)

Armenia's energy sector has achieved a level of electricity reliability, service quality and efficiency of sector operations that stands out among countries participating in Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). ... See More +

Energy Study ACS4845 JUN 01, 2013

Kochnakyan, Artur; Balabanyan, Ani; Antmann, Pedro; Laderchi, Caterina Ruggeri; Olivier, Anne; Pierce, Lauren; Hankinson, Denzel Disclosed

Trade policy barriers: an obstacle to export diversification in Eurasia (English)

Despite trade liberalization efforts made by Eurasian countries, the export structure of the region shows significant levels of concentration across export destinations. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6434 MAY 01, 2013

Cusolito, Ana Paula; Hollweg, Claire H. Disclosed

Is protectionism on the rise? : assessing national trade policies during the crisis of 2008 (English)

This paper quantifies trade policy changes and the associated trade impacts for about 100 countries between 2008 and 2009. Results show that there has been no widespread increase in protectionism. ... See More +

Journal Article 86266 MAR 01, 2013

Kee, Hiau Looi; Neagu, Cristina; Nicita, Alessandro Disclosed

Measuring the real size of the World economy : the framework, methodology, and research of the International Comparison Program (ICP) (English)

The International Comparison Program (ICP) has become not only the largest international statistical program in the world, but also the most complex. ... See More +

Publication 79451 JAN 01, 2013

Blades, Derek; Chen, Shaohua; Coonan, James; Deaton, Angus S. Disclosed

Impact of WTO accession and the customs union on the bound and applied tariff rates of the Russian federation (English)

After 18 years of negotiations, Russia has joined the World Trade Organization. This paper assesses how the tariff structure of the Russian Federation will change as a result of the phased implementation of its World Trade Organization commitments between 2012 and 2020 and how it has changed as a result of its agreement to participate in a Customs Union with Kazakhstan and Belarus. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6161 AUG 01, 2012

Shepotylo, Oleksandr; Tarr, David G. Disclosed

Chinese Trade Reforms, Market Access and Foreign Competition : the pattern of French exporters (English)

A unilateral trade reform generates two opposite effects : market access expansion and strengthening of competitive pressures in the liberalized market. ... See More +

Journal Article 94095 JUN 25, 2012

Bas, Maria; Bombarda, Pamela Disclosed

Power tariffs : caught between cost recovery and affordability (English)

This is the first paper to build a comprehensive empirical picture of power pricing practices across Sub-Saharan Africa, based on a new database of tariff structures in 27 countries for the years 2004-2008. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5904 DEC 01, 2011

Briceno-Garmendia, Cecilia; Shkaratan, Maria Disclosed

Coordinating tax reforms in the poorest countries : can lost tariffs be recouped ? (English)

A revenue-neutral switch from trade taxes to domestic consumption taxes is fraught with implementation challenges in countries with a large informal sector. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5919 DEC 01, 2011

Wagle, Swarnim Disclosed

Determinants of trade policy responses to the 2008 financial crisis (English)

The collapse in trade and contraction of output that occurred during 2008-09 was comparable to, and in many countries more severe than, the Great Depression of 1930, but did not give rise to the rampant protectionism that followed the Great Crash. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5862 OCT 01, 2011

Gawande, Kishore; Hoekman, Bernard; Cui, Yue Disclosed

The discriminatory nature of specific tariffs (English)

This paper quantifies the distortions from specific tariffs levied by the European Union (EU). The most favored nation (MFN) specific tariffs levied by the EU translate into higher tariff barriers for poor countries exporting low price goods. ... See More +

Journal Article 81288 JUL 12, 2011

Chowdhury, Sohini Disclosed

Russian Federation Customs Development Project : measurable progress : Proiectul Federatiei Ruse de Dezvoltare a Autoritatilor Vamale : progrese masurabile (Romanian)

The Russian Federation Customs Development Project (CDP), launched in 2003, has been helping reform and modernizes the country's federal customs service. ... See More +

Brief 63650 JUL 01, 2011

Johns, Kimberly; Kristensen, Jens Kromann; McLinden, Gerard English Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
The GATT's starting point : tariff levels circa 1947 (English)
See More +
APR 26, 2016 WPS7649 Policy Research Working Paper
Armenia - Power Sector Financial Recovery Program Project : environmental assessment : Environmental and social system assessment (English)
See More +
MAR 24, 2016 102186 Environmental Assessment
Moldova - District heating and electricity tariff and affordability analysis (English)
See More +
OCT 26, 2015 ACS13855 ESMAP Paper
Political connections and tariff evasion : evidence from Tunisia : Réseaux politiques et fraude douanière : Données tirées de l’expérience tunisienne (French)
See More +
JUN 25, 2015 WPS7336 Policy Research Working Paper English
Political connections and tariff evasion : evidence from Tunisia (English)
See More +
JUN 24, 2015 WPS7336 Policy Research Working Paper French
Formulas for failure ? were the Doha tariff formulas too ambitious for success ? (English)
See More +
JUN 11, 2015 WPS7303 Policy Research Working Paper
Agricultural income and macroeconomics, technology, external prices and foreign trade policy : Argentina 2000-2015 : Renta agrícola y macroeconomía, tecnología, precios externos y política comercial externa : Argentina 2000-2015 (Spanish)
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JAN 01, 2015 104001 Working Paper
The critical mass approach to achieve a deal on green goods and services : what is on the table? how much to expect ? (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2014 WPS7061 Policy Research Working Paper
Trade policy instruments over time (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2014 WPS6757 Policy Research Working Paper
Armenia - Power sector tariff study (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2013 ACS4845 Energy Study
Trade policy barriers: an obstacle to export diversification in Eurasia (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2013 WPS6434 Policy Research Working Paper
Is protectionism on the rise? : assessing national trade policies during the crisis of 2008 (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2013 86266 Journal Article
Measuring the real size of the World economy : the framework, methodology, and research of the International Comparison Program (ICP) (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2013 79451 Publication
Impact of WTO accession and the customs union on the bound and applied tariff rates of the Russian federation (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2012 WPS6161 Policy Research Working Paper
Chinese Trade Reforms, Market Access and Foreign Competition : the pattern of French exporters (English)
See More +
JUN 25, 2012 94095 Journal Article
Power tariffs : caught between cost recovery and affordability (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2011 WPS5904 Policy Research Working Paper
Coordinating tax reforms in the poorest countries : can lost tariffs be recouped ? (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2011 WPS5919 Policy Research Working Paper
Determinants of trade policy responses to the 2008 financial crisis (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2011 WPS5862 Policy Research Working Paper
The discriminatory nature of specific tariffs (English)
See More +
JUL 12, 2011 81288 Journal Article
Russian Federation Customs Development Project : measurable progress : Proiectul Federatiei Ruse de Dezvoltare a Autoritatilor Vamale : progrese masurabile (Romanian)
See More +
JUL 01, 2011 63650 Brief English