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Statement by Mr. Guy Ryder at the 93rd meeting of the Development Committee held on April 16, 2016 (English)

This is a statement by Mr. Guy Ryder, Director-General, International Labor Organization at the ninety-third meeting of the Development Committee held on April 16, 2016. ... See More +

Board Report 104900 APR 16, 2016

Disclosed

Looking back on two decades of poverty and well-being in India (English)

This paper provides an overview of poverty and well-being trends in India since the mid-1990s. Poverty reduction since 2005 has been much faster than the earlier decade, as a result of broad-based growth across most geographic areas. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7626 APR 07, 2016

Narayan,Ambar; Murgai,Rinku Disclosed

A slowdown in social gains (English)

The current economic slowdown resulted in social gains in Latin America and the Caribbean that were weaker in 2014 than in previous years. In particular, the growth of the middle class - which was one of the key successes during the years of the commodity boom - came almost to a halt. ... See More +

Brief 104750 APR 01, 2016

Spanish, Portuguese Disclosed

Robustness of shared prosperity estimates : how different methodological choices matter (English)

This paper is the first to systematically test the robustness of shared prosperity estimates to different methodological choices using a sample of countries from all regions in the world. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7611 MAR 18, 2016

Atamanov,Aziz; Wieser,Christina; Uematsu,Hiroki; Yoshida,Nobuo; Nguyen,Minh Cong; Azevedo,Joao Pedro Wagner De; Dewina,Reno Disclosed

Why did poverty decline in India ? a nonparametric decomposition exercise (English)

This paper uses panel data to analyze factors that contributed to the rapid decline in poverty in India between 2005 and 2012. The analysis employs a nonparametric decomposition method that measures the relative contributions of different components of household livelihoods to observed changes in poverty. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7602 MAR 15, 2016

Balcazar Salazar,Carlos Felipe; Desai,Sonal; Murgai,Rinku; Narayan,Ambar Disclosed

Welfare dynamics with synthetic panels : the case of the Arab world in transition (English)

This paper studies welfare dynamics, especially changes associated with middle-class status in countries in the Middle East and North Africa, before and after the Arab Spring transitions, using objective and subjective welfare measures. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7595 MAR 10, 2016

Dang,Hai-Anh H.; Ianchovichina,Elena Disclosed

The middle-income trap : myth or reality (English)

This note considers the most relevant literature and contends that, even if the ‘middle income trap’ is myth, it provides impetus for policy makers to reassess their strategies once the traditional sources of economic growth have diminished. ... See More +

Brief 104230 MAR 01, 2016

Larson,Gregory Michael; Loayza,Norman V.; Woolcock,Michael Disclosed

Growth, urbanization, and poverty reduction in India (English)

Longstanding development issues are revisited in the light of a newly-constructed data set of poverty measures for India spanning 60 years, including 20 years since reforms began in earnest in 1991. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7568 FEB 17, 2016

Datt,Gaurav; Ravallion,Martin; Murgai,Rinku Disclosed

Losing the gains of the past : the welfare and distributional impacts of the twin crises in Iraq 2014 (English)

Iraq was plunged into two simultaneous crises in the second half of 2014, one driven by a sharp decline in oil prices, the other, by the war against the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7567 FEB 16, 2016

Krishnan,Nandini; Olivieri,Sergio Daniel Disclosed

The distribution of consumption expenditure in Sub-Saharan Africa : the inequality among all Africans (English)

This paper uses a set of national household surveys to study the regional Sub-Saharan Africa distribution of consumption expenditure among individuals during 1993 to 2008. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7557 FEB 03, 2016

Jirasavetakul,La-Bhus Fah; Lakner,Christoph Disclosed

Why so gloomy ? perceptions of economic mobility in Europe and Central Asia (English)

Despite significant improvements in per capita expenditures and a marked decline in poverty over the 2000s, a large fraction of Eastern Europe and Central Asia's population reports their economic situation in the late 2000s to be worse than in 1989. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7519 DEC 18, 2015

Cancho,Cesar A.; Davalos,Maria Eugenia; Sanchez,Carolina Disclosed

The effects of volatility, fiscal policy cyclicality and financial development on growth : evidence for the Eastern Caribbean (English)

This paper presents estimates of the effects that terms of trade volatility has on growth of real gross domestic product per capita. Based on five-year non-overlapping panel data comprising 175 countries during 1980–2010, the paper finds that: (i) in model specifications that do not include country fixed effects, terms of trade volatility has a significant negative average effect on economic growth; (ii) once country fixed effects are included in the model, the average effect of terms of trade volatility on economic growth is not significantly different from zero; (iii) robust to the inclusion of country fixed effects, terms of trade volatility has significantly adverse effects on economic growth in countries with pro-cyclical fiscal policy; and (iv) in model specifications that do not include country fixed effects, financial development is a significant mediating factor with regard to the effect that terms of trade volatility has on economic growth, however, the significance of this effect vanishes once country fixed effects are included in the model. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7507 DEC 03, 2015

Brüeckner,Markus; Carneiro,Francisco Galrao Disclosed

Botswana - Country partnership framework (FY16-20) : chair summary (English)

Board Summary 101325 NOV 24, 2015

Disclosed

Nighttime lights revisited : the use of nighttime lights data as a proxy for economic variables (English)

The growing availability of free or inexpensive satellite imagery has inspired many researchers to investigate the use of earth observation data for monitoring economic activity around the world. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7496 NOV 16, 2015

Addison,Douglas M.; Stewart,Benjamin P. Disclosed

Weak instruments in growth regressions : implications for recent cross-country evidence on inequality and growth (English)

This paper revisits four recent cross-country empirical studies on the effects of inequality on growth. All four studies report strongly significant negative effects, using the popular system generalized method of moments estimator that is frequently used in cross-country growth empirics. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7494 NOV 13, 2015

Kraay,Aart C. Disclosed

Appraising cross-national income inequality databases : an introduction (English)

In response to a growing interest in comparing inequality levels and trends across countries, several cross-national inequality databases are now available. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7489 NOV 12, 2015

Ferreira,Francisco H. G.; Lustig,Nora-451471; Teles,Daniel Chaim Disclosed

DECPG weekly global economic brief (English)

Some of the headings included in this issue of the Development Economics Prospects Group (DECPG) weekly global economic newsletter are as follows: United States (U.S.) job growth exceeded expectations in November; European Central Bank (ECB) unveiled new stimulus measures; India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth accelerated in Third Quarter (Q3); Brazil’s GDP contracted more than expected in Q3; Kenya’s inflation rate at 15-month high in November, Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI edged up; Demand from China, and, to a significantly lesser extent, India, tilted global commodity consumption towards coal and metals during 2000 - 2014; The diverging contributions of China and India to global commodity consumption during the 2000s reflect different income elasticities and, for metals specifically, different growth engines in China and India; Going forward, China and India’s role in global commodity consumption will be shaped by how quickly they catch up with advanced country per capita consumption levels and their rates of economic and population growth. ... See More +

Newsletter 103029 NOV 04, 2015

Trang Nguyen; Gong,Xinghao; Chen,Derek Hung Chiat Disclosed

Indonesia's rising divide : why inequality is rising, why it matters and what can be done (English)

Rising inequality is creating an Indonesia that is more divided than ever before. Fifteen years of sustained economic growth in Indonesia have helped to reduce poverty and create a growing middle class. ... See More +

Working Paper 101668 NOV 01, 2015

Bahasa (Indonesian) Disclosed

A perceived divide : how Indonesians perceive inequality and what they want done about it (English)

Inequality in Indonesia is rising and a recent survey suggests that Indonesians are growing increasingly concerned. The Gini coefficient in Indonesia has increased sharply over the past 15 years, increasing from 30 in 2000 to 41 in 2013. ... See More +

Working Paper 101664 NOV 01, 2015

Indrakesuma,Taufik Ramadhan; Janz,Edgar; Wai-Poi,Matthew Grant Disclosed

Exploring the sources of downward bias in measuring inequality of opportunity (English)

This study analyzes the extent of downward bias in the calculation of inequality of opportunity for continuous outcomes such as income. A typically recognized source of bias is the unobserved circumstances as there is a limited set of variables available in household and labor force surveys. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7458 OCT 26, 2015

Lara Ibarra,Gabriel; Martinez Cruz,Adan L. Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Statement by Mr. Guy Ryder at the 93rd meeting of the Development Committee held on April 16, 2016 (English)
See More +
APR 16, 2016 104900 Board Report
Looking back on two decades of poverty and well-being in India (English)
See More +
APR 07, 2016 WPS7626 Policy Research Working Paper
A slowdown in social gains (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2016 104750 Brief Spanish, Portuguese
Robustness of shared prosperity estimates : how different methodological choices matter (English)
See More +
MAR 18, 2016 WPS7611 Policy Research Working Paper
Why did poverty decline in India ? a nonparametric decomposition exercise (English)
See More +
MAR 15, 2016 WPS7602 Policy Research Working Paper
Welfare dynamics with synthetic panels : the case of the Arab world in transition (English)
See More +
MAR 10, 2016 WPS7595 Policy Research Working Paper
The middle-income trap : myth or reality (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2016 104230 Brief
Growth, urbanization, and poverty reduction in India (English)
See More +
FEB 17, 2016 WPS7568 Policy Research Working Paper
Losing the gains of the past : the welfare and distributional impacts of the twin crises in Iraq 2014 (English)
See More +
FEB 16, 2016 WPS7567 Policy Research Working Paper
The distribution of consumption expenditure in Sub-Saharan Africa : the inequality among all Africans (English)
See More +
FEB 03, 2016 WPS7557 Policy Research Working Paper
Why so gloomy ? perceptions of economic mobility in Europe and Central Asia (English)
See More +
DEC 18, 2015 WPS7519 Policy Research Working Paper
The effects of volatility, fiscal policy cyclicality and financial development on growth : evidence for the Eastern Caribbean (English)
See More +
DEC 03, 2015 WPS7507 Policy Research Working Paper
Botswana - Country partnership framework (FY16-20) : chair summary (English)
See More +
NOV 24, 2015 101325 Board Summary
Nighttime lights revisited : the use of nighttime lights data as a proxy for economic variables (English)
See More +
NOV 16, 2015 WPS7496 Policy Research Working Paper
Weak instruments in growth regressions : implications for recent cross-country evidence on inequality and growth (English)
See More +
NOV 13, 2015 WPS7494 Policy Research Working Paper
Appraising cross-national income inequality databases : an introduction (English)
See More +
NOV 12, 2015 WPS7489 Policy Research Working Paper
DECPG weekly global economic brief (English)
See More +
NOV 04, 2015 103029 Newsletter
Indonesia's rising divide : why inequality is rising, why it matters and what can be done (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2015 101668 Working Paper Bahasa (Indonesian)
A perceived divide : how Indonesians perceive inequality and what they want done about it (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2015 101664 Working Paper
Exploring the sources of downward bias in measuring inequality of opportunity (English)
See More +
OCT 26, 2015 WPS7458 Policy Research Working Paper