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Too Much Energy : The Perverse Effect of Low Fuel Prices on Firms (Inglês)

This paper provides novel evidence on the impact of changes in energy prices on manufacturing performance in two large developing economies -- Indonesia and Mexico. ... Exibir mais +

Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas WPS9039 OCT 10, 2019

Cali,Massimiliano; Cantore,Nicola; Iacovone,Leonardo; Pereira Lopez,Mariana De La Paz; Presidente,Giorgio Disclosed

Poverty Convergence in a Time of Stagnation : A Municipal-Level Perspective from Mexico (1992-2014) (Inglês)

This paper exploits a novel municipal-level data set to explore patterns of convergence in income and poverty in Mexico during 1992-2014. The paper finds that, despite a context of overall stagnant economic growth and poverty reduction, there is evidence of income and poverty convergence at the municipal level. ... Exibir mais +

Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas WPS9038 OCT 09, 2019

Lopez-Calva,Luis-Felipe; Ortiz-Juarez,Eduardo; Rodriguez Castelan,Carlos Disclosed

Trade Policy to Catalyze Export Diversification : What Should Landlocked Fragile Countries Do ? The Cases of Mali, Chad, and Niger (Inglês)

The landlocked and fragile countries Mali, Niger, and Chad have suffered, to varying degrees, from Dutch Disease, with high export concentration in natural resource commodities and in a few foreign markets, and little development of their non-resource economies. ... Exibir mais +

Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas WPS9036 OCT 08, 2019

Lopez Calix,Jose R.; Pitigala,Nihal Disclosed

Is Informality Good for Business ? The Impacts of IDP Inflows on Formal Firms (Inglês)

This paper examines the effects of large inflows of internally displaced persons (IDP), who are primarily absorbed by the informal sector, on the behavior of formal manufacturing firms in Colombia. ... Exibir mais +

Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas WPS9035 OCT 07, 2019

Rozo,Sandra; Winkler,Hernan Jorge Disclosed

Taking Power : Women's Empowerment and Household Well-Being in Sub-Saharan Africa (Inglês)

This paper examines women's power relative to that of their husbands in 23 Sub-Saharan African countries to determine how it affects women's health, reproductive outcomes, children's health, and children's education. ... Exibir mais +

Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas WPS9034 OCT 02, 2019

Annan,Jeannie Ruth; Donald,Aletheia Amalia; Goldstein,Markus P.; Gonzalez Martinez,Paula Lorena; Koolwal,Gayatri B. Disclosed

Where They Live : District-Level Measures of Poverty, Average Consumption, and the Middle Class in Central Asia (Russo)

Rapid economic growth over the past two decades lifted millions of people out of poverty in Central Asia. But the uneven spread of prosperity left many communities struggling to catch up. ... Exibir mais +

Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas WPS8940 OCT 01, 2019

Inglês, Russo Disclosed

Capital Allocation in Developing Countries (Inglês)

This paper investigates the sources of capital misallocation across a group of 11 developing and developed countries. The main findings are (i) technological frictions, namely, adjustment costs and uncertainty, account for only a modest share of observed misallocation, leaving ample scope for other factors; (ii) heterogeneity in firm-level technologies potentially explains between one-quarter and one-half; but (iii) dispersion in markups is much smaller; and (iv) after accounting for these factors, on average, at least 50 percent of misallocation within each of these countries remains unexplained, suggesting a large role for additional, potentially distortionary factors. ... Exibir mais +

Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas WPS9031 OCT 01, 2019

David,Joel Michael; Venkateswaran,Venky; Cusolito,Ana Paula; Didier Brandao,Tatiana Disclosed

Innovations in Tax Compliance : Conceptual Framework (Inglês)

This paper presents a conceptual framework for developing more effective approaches to tax reform and compliance. The framework proposes that by combining complementary investments in enforcement, facilitation, and trust, reformers can not only strengthen enforced compliance but can also (a) encourage quasi-voluntary compliance, (b) generate sustainable political support for reform, and (c) create conditions that are more conducive to the construction of stronger fiscal contracts. ... Exibir mais +

Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas WPS9032 OCT 01, 2019

Prichard,Wilson; Custers,Anna Louise; Dom,Roel; Davenport,Stephen R.; Roscitt,Michael Anthony Disclosed

Domestic Government Spending on Human Capital : A Cross-Country Analysis of Recent Trends (Inglês)

Using a new data set comprised of publicly available information, this paper provides cross-country evidence on domestic government spending for human capital in recent years. ... Exibir mais +

Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas WPS9033 OCT 01, 2019

Andrews,Kathryn Gilman; Avitabile,Ciro; Gatti,Roberta V. Disclosed

Caregiver Perceptions of Child Development : A Cross-Sectional Study (Inglês)

Parents play a crucial role in the promotion of early childhood development, and understanding parental perceptions of early childhood development may help enhance parental investments early in life. ... Exibir mais +

Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas WPS9030 SEP 30, 2019

Chung,Esther O.; Fernald,Lia C.H.; Galasso,Emanuela; Ratsifandrihamanana,Lisy Zarasoa; Weber,Ann Disclosed

A Socioeconomic Disaggregation of the World Bank Human Capital Index (Inglês)

This paper documents inequality in health and education outcomes by constructing an index of human capital disaggregated by quintiles of socioeconomic status (SES) for a sample 51 mostly low- and middle-income countries. ... Exibir mais +

Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas WPS9020 SEP 30, 2019

Dsouza,Ritika; Gatti,Roberta V.; Kraay,Aart C. Disclosed

Entry Barriers, Idiosyncratic Distortions, and the Firm-Size Distribution (Inglês)

This paper studies the interaction between entry barriers and idiosyncratic distortions in the context of a standard model of firm dynamics. It derives a strategy to infer entry barriers based on the combination of cross-country data on average firm size, cross-country estimates of idiosyncratic distortions, and equilibrium conditions of the theory. ... Exibir mais +

Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas WPS9027 SEP 27, 2019

Fattal Jaef,Roberto N. Disclosed

Multilingual Assessment of Early Child Development : Analyses from Repeated Observations of Children in Kenya (Inglês)

In many low- and middle-income countries, young children learn a mother tongue or indigenous language at home before entering the formal education system where they will need to understand and speak a country's official language(s). ... Exibir mais +

Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas WPS9028 SEP 27, 2019

Knauer,Heather Ashley; Kariger,Patricia Karol; Jakiela,Pamela; Ozier,Owen; Fernald,Lia C. H. Disclosed

Balancing Control and Flexibility in Public Expenditure Management : Using Banking Sector Innovations for Improved Expenditure Control and Effective Service Delivery (Inglês)

The control protocols that underlie public expenditure management have direct implications for a government's ability to pursue fiscal discipline and service delivery objectives. ... Exibir mais +

Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas WPS9029 SEP 27, 2019

Piattifuenfkirchen,Moritz Otto Maria Alfons; Hashim,Ali; Farooq,Khuram Disclosed

Magnitude and Distribution of Electricity and Water Subsidies for Households in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (Inglês)

In Addis Ababa, an increasing block tariff has been used to calculate households' monthly bills for electricity and water services. This study estimates the magnitudes of the combined water and electricity subsidies received by households with private connections to the electricity grid and piped water network in 2016, and it evaluates the distribution of these subsidies among wealth groups. ... Exibir mais +

Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas WPS9025 SEP 26, 2019

Cardenas,Helena; Whittington,Dale Disclosed

Firm Compliance and Public Disclosure in Vietnam (Inglês)

Global consumers, international brands, and governments in producing and outsourcing countries aim to improve working conditions in global value chains, but uncertainty exists about what is the best approach. ... Exibir mais +

Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas WPS9026 SEP 26, 2019

Hollweg,Claire Honore Disclosed

Expectations Set High : Understanding Reservation Wages in North Macedonia (Inglês)

The objectives of this study are to understand the determinants of reservation wages and measure the gap between reservation and market wages in North Macedonia. ... Exibir mais +

Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas WPS9023 SEP 25, 2019

Petreski,Marjan; Oviedo Silva,Ana Maria; Cancho,Cesar A. Disclosed

Is Short-Term Debt a Substitute or a Complement to Good Governance ? (Inglês)

Short-term debt exposes firms to credit supply shocks and liquidity risk. Short-term debt can also reduce potential agency conflicts between managers and shareholders by exposing managers to more frequent monitoring by the market. ... Exibir mais +

Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas WPS9022 SEP 25, 2019

Anginer,Deniz; Demirguc-Kunt,Asli; Tepe,Mete; Simsir,Serif Aziz Disclosed

Is 3D Printing a Threat to Global Trade ? The Trade Effects You Didn't Hear About (Inglês)

In the mid-2000s, the production of hearing aids shifted almost entirely to 3D printing. Using difference-in-differences and synthetic control methods, this paper examines the effects of this shift on trade flows. ... Exibir mais +

Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas WPS9024 SEP 25, 2019

Freund,Caroline; Mulabdic,Alen; Ruta,Michele Disclosed

Economic and Distributional Impacts of Free Trade Agreements : The Case of Indonesia (Inglês)

As preferential trade agreements are growing in number and depth, assessment of their economic impacts has become more important to inform policy-makers facing a multitude of potential preferential trade agreements. ... Exibir mais +

Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas WPS9021 SEP 24, 2019

Cali,Massimiliano; Maliszewska,Maryla; Olekseyuk,Zoryana; Osorio-Rodarte,Israel Disclosed

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Too Much Energy : The Perverse Effect of Low Fuel Prices on Firms (Inglês)
Exibir mais +
OCT 10, 2019 WPS9039 Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas
Poverty Convergence in a Time of Stagnation : A Municipal-Level Perspective from Mexico (1992-2014) (Inglês)
Exibir mais +
OCT 09, 2019 WPS9038 Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas
Trade Policy to Catalyze Export Diversification : What Should Landlocked Fragile Countries Do ? The Cases of Mali, Chad, and Niger (Inglês)
Exibir mais +
OCT 08, 2019 WPS9036 Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas
Is Informality Good for Business ? The Impacts of IDP Inflows on Formal Firms (Inglês)
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OCT 07, 2019 WPS9035 Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas
Taking Power : Women's Empowerment and Household Well-Being in Sub-Saharan Africa (Inglês)
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OCT 02, 2019 WPS9034 Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas
Where They Live : District-Level Measures of Poverty, Average Consumption, and the Middle Class in Central Asia (Russo)
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OCT 01, 2019 WPS8940 Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas Inglês, Russo
Capital Allocation in Developing Countries (Inglês)
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OCT 01, 2019 WPS9031 Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas
Innovations in Tax Compliance : Conceptual Framework (Inglês)
Exibir mais +
OCT 01, 2019 WPS9032 Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas
Domestic Government Spending on Human Capital : A Cross-Country Analysis of Recent Trends (Inglês)
Exibir mais +
OCT 01, 2019 WPS9033 Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas
Caregiver Perceptions of Child Development : A Cross-Sectional Study (Inglês)
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SEP 30, 2019 WPS9030 Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas
A Socioeconomic Disaggregation of the World Bank Human Capital Index (Inglês)
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SEP 30, 2019 WPS9020 Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas
Entry Barriers, Idiosyncratic Distortions, and the Firm-Size Distribution (Inglês)
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SEP 27, 2019 WPS9027 Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas
Multilingual Assessment of Early Child Development : Analyses from Repeated Observations of Children in Kenya (Inglês)
Exibir mais +
SEP 27, 2019 WPS9028 Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas
Balancing Control and Flexibility in Public Expenditure Management : Using Banking Sector Innovations for Improved Expenditure Control and Effective Service Delivery (Inglês)
Exibir mais +
SEP 27, 2019 WPS9029 Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas
Magnitude and Distribution of Electricity and Water Subsidies for Households in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (Inglês)
Exibir mais +
SEP 26, 2019 WPS9025 Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas
Firm Compliance and Public Disclosure in Vietnam (Inglês)
Exibir mais +
SEP 26, 2019 WPS9026 Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas
Expectations Set High : Understanding Reservation Wages in North Macedonia (Inglês)
Exibir mais +
SEP 25, 2019 WPS9023 Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas
Is Short-Term Debt a Substitute or a Complement to Good Governance ? (Inglês)
Exibir mais +
SEP 25, 2019 WPS9022 Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas
Is 3D Printing a Threat to Global Trade ? The Trade Effects You Didn't Hear About (Inglês)
Exibir mais +
SEP 25, 2019 WPS9024 Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas
Economic and Distributional Impacts of Free Trade Agreements : The Case of Indonesia (Inglês)
Exibir mais +
SEP 24, 2019 WPS9021 Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas