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Inequality in Southern Africa : An Assessment of the Southern African Customs Union - Country Brief : Botswana (English)

Botswana is one of the most unequal countries in the world, with inequality in per capita consumption more than 30 percent higher than the average for upper-middle-income countries. However, it has moderately reduced inequality in recent years, faster than the rest of Southern African Customs Union (SACU). The main sources of inequality are inequality of opportunity and disparities in factor markets, with access to jobs and land being severely constrained and uneven. The country’s high spending on transfers and social services partially mitigates inequality, although transfers can be targeted better. Moving forward, Botswana needs to: (a) improve access to quality services to promote equality of opportunity across races and disadvantaged groups; (b) enhance conditions for private job creation, including by reducing barriers to entrepreneurship and self-employment and by enhancing access to productive assets (skills and land); and (c) continue investing in the capacity of the social protection system to respond to shocks, especially in view of the growing climate-related risks, while improving targeting of safety net programs.

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Citation

Sulla,Victor Zikhali,Precious Cuevas,Pablo Facundo

Inequality in Southern Africa : An Assessment of the Southern African Customs Union - Country Brief : Botswana (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/099125303072282099/P1649270fdd6570130beb4014c14421a7ba