To what extent do the behavioral choices Zambian smallholder farmers make influence the negative effects of climate shocks, and what impact do these choices have on vulnerability and resilience? Both the frequency and intensity of weather shocks in Zambia are increasing, pushing households into poverty, or locking them into it. Despite some broad research in Zambia at the intersection of climate risk, poverty, and livelihoods, there has not been much explicit assessment of the effects of climatic shocks on vulnerability and resilience, and on options for building smallholder resilience. This paper uses nationally representative three-wave household-level panel data of 6,531 households from the Rural Agricultural Livelihoods Survey (RALS) to address this gap. We define household vulnerability and resilience based on whether a household is “poor”, “never poor”, “escaped poverty”, or “fell into poverty” over the three-survey waves, as measured in the third wave in 2019. Our empirical estimation employs an instrumental variable probit regression model which also controls for the endogeneity of key choice variables.
Ngoma,Hambulo, Finn,Arden Jeremy, Kabisa,Mulako
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Climate Shocks, Vulnerability, Resilience and Livelihoods in Rural Zambia
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Ngoma,Hambulo Finn,Arden Jeremy Kabisa,Mulako
Climate Shocks, Vulnerability, Resilience and Livelihoods in Rural Zambia (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/099550406222222199/P17486408fbb1b03095590e206b5ed3b3b