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Conservation-Friendly Economic Development in Cambodia's Protected Areas : Exploring Private Sector Partnership Opportunities and Enabling Policies in the Cardamom Mountains (English)

Cambodia's Protected Areas provide critical ecosystem services and are key to climate change mitigation and adaptation. Despite rapid economic growth in recent years, Cambodia remains a biodiversity hotspot in the region, providing critical ecosystem services. Cambodia has one of the highest ratios, globally, of territory in Protected Areas (PAS). The PAS contain rich biodiversity and ecosystems that have been largely lost in neighboring countries. These PAS also provide critical ecosystem services to Cambodia's economy in terms of water flows regulation, sedimentation control, non-timber forest products, and ecotourism revenues. This report aims to provide support to the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) in identifying new economic opportunities to develop livelihoods through the Cambodia Sustainable Landscape and Ecotourism Project (CSLEP). The recommendations are intended to be practical and implementable during the lifetime of the project. The development objective of the CSLEP is to improve PAS management, promote ecotourism opportunities, and promote non-timber forest products (NTFPs) in the Cardamom Mountains Tonle Sap area. This report focuses on opportunities for economic development in Community Protected Areas (CPAs) and Community Forestry (CF), and more generally, for people living in buffer areas around PAS in the CMC. Following a chapter providing the context in Cambodia and an overview of the landscape dynamics and livelihoods within it, the report outlines planning needs for conservation-friendly development and presents opportunities for Conservation-friendly economic activities (CFEA). Based on the assessment of the barriers to establishing an enabling environment for private sector engagement, options for job creation are discussed, followed by recommendations for developing value chains and enabling conditions for private sector participation.

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Citation

Kornexl,Werner L. Francois,Yann Terence Robert Sinclair,John Ross Rawlins,Maurice Andres Steinmayr,Elisabeth Honeck,Erica Cristine Cooper,George William Shankar,Shilpa

Conservation-Friendly Economic Development in Cambodia's Protected Areas : Exploring Private Sector Partnership Opportunities and Enabling Policies in the Cardamom Mountains (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/099620202282211192/P1755200750fe60df09b290305745f813b1