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Affordability of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (English)

When low levels of government investment are combined with outdated management practices, even high levels of effort and investment by development partners will not bring about any significant improvement in the services provided by National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The result is often a cycle of a low quality of services that improve slightly following investment in new systems; this is then followed by a steady decline due to lack of maintenance of observational networks and other systems. The upshot is a return to a service with diminished ability to fulfill its public task. This technical note explores management practices and argues that good practice is critical to the success of investments. It considers how advanced NMHSs are managed and how they can create sustainable, high-quality services, as well as their applicability to less-advanced services. Making observational networks affordable is highlighted as a priority in improving the financial stability of NMHSs.




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Rogers, David P. Tsirkunov,Vladimir V. Suwa,Makoto Md Kootval,Haleh Kootval Staudinger,Michael

Affordability of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.