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Indonesia - Long-Term Generasi Qualitative Study (English)

In 2007, the government of Indonesia (GoI) introduced PNPM Generasi (National Community Empowerment Program—Healthy and Smart Generation, Program Nasional Pemberdayaan Masyarakat—Generasi Sehat dan Cerdas) to address key policy priorities and the Millennium Development Goals—reducing poverty, maternal mortality, and child mortality, as well as ensuring universal coverage of basic education. To facilitate a rigorous evaluation of the program, GoI (working with the World Bank and the Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab) randomly assigned Generasi locations for the pilot phase (2007–2009). A randomized evaluation of two different versions of the program (with and without performance bonuses) was conducted in three rounds (Wave I at baseline, Wave II eighteen months after implementation, and Wave III thirty months after implementation). In 2016-2017, the impact evaluation (IE) team fielded a follow-up survey in the same subdistricts as the first three waves. A separate report analyzes the quantitative findings of this final survey. During the final survey round, the IE team also collected qualitative data in geographically distinct treatment and control communities to explore two problems:1) first, whether Generasi’s three components—facilitation, community participation, and the target and performance bonus system—functioning as intended; second, what is the program’s long-term impact on village governance and service delivery, and how it can influence Village Law implementation


  • Author

    Sacks,Audrey, Grayman,Jesse Hession

  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number


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  • Country


  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

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  • Doc Name

    Indonesia - Long-Term Generasi Qualitative Study

  • Keywords

    maternal and child health; mother and child health; information and communication technology; children with special need; basic social service; community health center; fund for health; indicators of health; education service delivery; qualitative study; village health center; budget for health; government social service; primary education service; participatory budget process; exchange of information; access to health; achievement of outcome; high school diploma; secondary school level; qualitative research method; traditional birth attendant; national health insurance; local service provider; infant health services; school enrollment rate; child with disability; junior secondary school; Health Service Delivery; performance bonus; block grant; education issues; village head; target indicator; community participation; village communities; sub-district level; village midwife; community empowerment; problem-solving skill; target beneficiary; Basic Education; performance incentive; health clinic; semistructured interview; community needs; health clinics; Postnatal Care; village fund; supplementary food; village planning; policy priority; field observation; Maternal Mortality; qualitative data; Program of Activities; Child Mortality; universal coverage; education agency; long-term impact; qualitative analysis; stakeholder workshop; Education Services; advocacy effort; education target; raise awareness; community facilitator; pregnant woman; middle school; elementary school; put pressure; community volunteer; rural program; target system; outreach activity; rural village; social mapping; personal name; poor household; phone call; school uniform; educational service; attending school; test score; Infant Mortality; agricultural activity; participation rate; local school; external source; nutrition counseling; evaluation design; immunization clinics; public resource; health facility; individual variation; young child; home visit; record keeping; direct transfer; decentralization effort; Maternal Health; local clinic; prenatal exam; health outcome; food supplement; local source; interesting case; individual researchers; recording devices; pilot site; primary data; microcredit program; International Phone Call; Early childhood; budget plan; innovative solution; village clinic; village leadership; online community; professional network; health officer; village development; empowerment activity; heavy burden; learning curve; government activity; rural community; advocacy work; turnover rate; policy prescriptions; government actor; field researcher; district education; transportation cost; donor offer; stomach tumor; advocacy skill; home schooling; Help community; household expense; education cost; government fund; young people; individual household; single parent; children's nutrition; discussion group; final exam; local infrastructure; education facility; Nutrition Issues; food supply; outreach effort; foster home; school building; village school; transportation fund; branch school; geographic distribution; supplementary feeding; poor housing; community center; performance data; financial audits; district assembly; intellectual disability; community access; bonus system; donate fund; vulnerable group; urban ward; poverty program; budget allocation; education intervention; equal participation; cultural affairs; home affairs; community mobilization; local regulation; child outcome; basic curriculum; public accountability; long-term effect; ongoing support; monetary reward; education activity; local culture; informal reward; subsequent years; preventative health; health treatment; stock exchange; applicable law; Prenatal Care; positive impact; subsidiary right; behavioral change; nutritional improvement



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Sacks,Audrey Grayman,Jesse Hession

Indonesia - Long-Term Generasi Qualitative Study (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.