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Chad - Poverty assessment : constraints to rural development (English)

This poverty assessment for Chad focuses on rural development, more specifically on agriculture, because agriculture is the most likely source for improving incomes that would benefit the majority. It also focuses on women, who contribute much of agricultural labor. This assessment finds a pattern of severe poverty in available indicators (potable water, toilets, housing), food security (nutrition, famine), survival, morbidity, education, or of household assets (such as plows), incomes, and expenditures. This pattern is often spread across the major regions, although several aspects such as famine, primary school enrollment, and the proportion of women-headed households differ across regions. Moreover, women in every region are particularly poor in terms of education, health, and land. The Assessment concludes that Chad can emerge from severe poverty and sustain improvements in well-being through the efforts of poor agricultural producers of livestock and crops. To raise producer prices, the government should invest in rehabilitating roads to reduce transport costs for producers Also, the government should reduce the implicit charge on cotton producers with cautious market liberalization. With higher incomes, producers could invest to increase their productivity. Also, higher and sustained investment in basic education and health, especially for girls, would further improve well-being and agricultural productivity.


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    Pre-2003 Economic or Sector Report

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    Chad - Poverty assessment : constraints to rural development

  • Keywords

    Agriculture;access to potable water;access to basic health service;access to primary health care;life expectancy at birth;living condition;female head of household;access to safe water;agricultural productivity;female genital mutilation;famine early warning system;Management of Natural Resources;access to formal credit;infant and child mortality;education and poverty reduction;acceptable rate of return;Internal rate of return;Rule of Law;measurement of poverty;school enrollment;health indicator;agricultural producer;Women in Agriculture;primary school enrollment;quality of education;crop and livestock;mortality of child;lack of road;education and health;characteristic of poverty;rural woman;severe poverty;household expenditure;national survey;traditional leaders;producer price;food poverty rate;provision of education;preparation of food;transport of fuel;education child;education of child;family health care;work long hour;land tenure system;Financing of Education;gross enrollment rate;rate of mortality;high illiteracy rate;types of road;extent of poverty;vulnerability to famine;infant mortality rate;total government spending;lack of water;difference in poverty;household expenditure survey;health sector management;full time job;improving food security;prevalence hiv;rights to land;weak banking system;Education and Development;income and expenditure;potable water supply;imports of fertilizer;emergency relief effort;vehicle operating cost;basic education program;adult literacy intervention;primary school curriculum;investment in rehabilitation;terms of education;proportion of woman;rapid rural appraisal;measure of poverty;agriculture and livestock;contribution of education;investments in agriculture;Demand For Education;lack of demand;tariff on import;poor road infrastructure;literacy and numeracy;competitive market price;tariff import;consumer price;seed cotton;agricultural income;cotton lint;agricultural labor;live birth;Labor Market;rural area;household survey;farmer;Toilets;Cash Income;high transport;paved road;civil conflict;women's right;urban population;external aid;housing quality;public expenditure;transport cost;natural environment;petroleum resource;poverty indicator;cotton zone;female education;agricultural equipment;agricultural activity;household use;women's health;gum arabic;vaccination coverage;residential mobility;community participation;qualified personnel;opportunity cost;family structure;rural conditions;cattle herd;government data;cost-benefit analysis;food crop;



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Chad - Poverty assessment : constraints to rural development (English). World Development Sources, WDS 1997-2 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.