This report evaluates the Syria cement industry. It includes measures to conserve the use of energy and to substitute less costly fuels, particularly natural gas. It presents an overview of the cement industry and evaluates the economic and financial feasibility of measures recommended by the consulting firm Holderbank Management and Consulting Ltd. to improve its performance and make it viable. Two points should be noted about the report. First, the Syrian cement industry was studied by selecting three of the seven Syrian cement companies, Tartous, Arabian and Adra, and visiting their plants. Second, the focus was on identifying production constraints and energy consumption patterns, and defining improvements to the areas of the cement production process that consume large amounts of thermal energy and electric power for the three plants studied. The consultants' report recommends specific measures to achieve the identified energy efficiency improvements on three levels: (a) by operational improvements; (b) by modifications requiring small investments; and (c) by long-term investments.
cement industry;energy efficiency improvement;cement production;consumption;efficiency of energy use;economic and financial analysis;increase in energy demand;industrial energy conservation;exchange rate;Exchange Rates;official exchange rate;national development plan;cement plant;foreign exchange;production cost;energy demand management;energy consumption pattern;cost of production;production line;capacity utilization;dry process;annual production capability;flow of fund;foreign exchange transaction;cost of ship;Foreign Exchange Reserve;balance of payment;consumers of electricity;real growth rate;price of export;procurement and distribution;increase in consumption;foreign currency payment;foreign exchange needs;foreign exchange fund;total energy demand;commercial energy consumption;total energy consumption;industrial energy consumption;foreign exchange allocation;long term investment;cost of energy;point of departure;operation and management;rates of return;long term loan;savings and investment;energy pricing policy;foreign exchange management;machinery and equipment;cost of land;technical assistance program;international oil price;salaries and wages;electricity generating station;energy savings potential;foreign exchange restriction;production due;port of entry;production capacity;power saving;operational improvement;long-term investment;process plant;installed capacity;investment program;industrial sector;domestic demand;financial structure;foreign supplier;investment profile;
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(Historic)Private Sector Development
Urban Housing and Land Settlements, Urban Governance and Management, Urban Housing, Energy Consumption, Energy Policies & Economics, Energy Conservation & Efficiency, Environment and Energy Efficiency, Municipal Management and Reform, Energy Demand, Energy and Environment, Energy and Mining, Transport Services,
Private Sctr Devel & Infrastr VP (PSI)
Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)
Syria - Energy efficiency improvement in the cement sector : Main report (English). Activity completion report ; no. ESM 99 89. Energy Sector Management Assistance Programme Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/108101468777576079/Main-report