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The Impact of Living Arrangements (In-Camp versus Out-of-Camp) on the Quality of Life : A Case Study of Syrian Refugees in Jordan (English)

Refugee camps are believed to represent safe havens for forcibly displaced persons, but studies looking at refugees' quality of life in camps are few. This paper explores how Syrian refugees’ quality of life in camps in Jordan differs from that of Syrian refugees residing outside camps. Using data from the Syrian Refugee and Host Community Survey, the study measures life quality through indicators of subjective life experience and material living conditions. Data are analyzed using advanced statistical methods (difference-in-difference and propensity score matching) to control for selection bias that could skew estimates of causal effects. The results show that refugees living outside camps enjoy a higher quality of life than those living in camps. Out-of-camp refugees are less likely to live below the national abject poverty line or in overcrowded houses. They possess more household assets, are more satisfied with access to services, and report higher life satisfaction. Refugee camps appear to serve as safe havens for refugees who lack the capability to exit camps, and camps could be redundant for those who possess adequate capabilities and freedom to function in the urban and peri-urban areas.


  • Author

    Obi,Chinedu Temple

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  • Document Type

    Policy Research Working Paper

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  • Country


    Syrian Arab Republic,

  • Region

    Middle East and North Africa,

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  • Doc Name

    The Impact of Living Arrangements (In-Camp versus Out-of-Camp) on the Quality of Life : A Case Study of Syrian Refugees in Jordan

  • Keywords

    Poverty and Equity; lack access to information; female-headed household; propensity score matching method; high quality of life; terms of poverty reduction; access to public facilities; life satisfaction; average treatment effect; water and electricity; place of residence; living condition; access to job; risk of poverty; income and expenditure; family and friends; sense of ownership; water heating system; women headed household; difference in income; million people; access to accommodation; influx of refugees; access to water; dimensions of poverty; home heating systems; number of refugees; quality of work; availability of data; access to finance; household head; host population; refugee household; abject poverty; refugee camp; household asset; living space; adult equivalent; material deprivation; standard error; treatment group; household size; life experience; asset index; selection bias; total sample; safe haven; accommodation services; household earning; housing condition; work permit; living standard; displaced person; living arrangement; per household; statistical method; social interaction; economic security; unregistered refugees; Host Communities; social network; life quality; negative spillover; asset possession; disease outbreak; air conditioner; native population; garbage disposal; cooking utensil; causal effect; forced displacement; policy relevance; causal impact; income indicator; household income; Labor Market; impact indicator; food insecurity; asset accumulation; Informal Jobs; consumption good; overall assessment; Psychological Health; basic food; unobserved variable; low liquidity; living areas; food need; relief items; targeted assistance; employment assistance; demographic characteristic; durable asset; finding employment; Job Vacancies; monetary term; research group; descriptive statistic; livelihood opportunity; increased income; asset disparity; asset base; Elementary Education; daily living; refugee assistance; social relationship; Poverty Measurement; household level; kernel functions; global knowledge; funding support; marital status; vulnerable people; probit regression; summary statistic; home countries; home country; social standing; migrant group; poor housing; educational achievement; refugee population; washing machine; business asset; food poverty; social capability; real impact; poverty indicator; open access; development policy; separate sample; several years; alternative specification; Research Support; male head; survey household; baseline equation; disease spread; recipient countries; rural area; refugee studies; labor displacement; average age; refugee woman; gender difference; refugee crisis; refugee influx; outcome indicator; adequate shelter; psychological need; local policy; resident permit; public order; non-governmental organization; community spirit; administrative purposes; Cash Transfer; sustainable solution



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Obi,Chinedu Temple

The Impact of Living Arrangements (In-Camp versus Out-of-Camp) on the Quality of Life : A Case Study of Syrian Refugees in Jordan (English). Policy Research working paper,no. WPS 9533,Impact Evaluation series Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.