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Evaluating the social and economic impacts of rural road improvements in the state of Tocantins, Brazil (English)

The aim of this paper is to provide feedback on the question of socioeconomic benefits from rural road development and the impact of transport infrastructure on the poor, particularly the poorest and the bottom 40 percent of the population. This study relies on impact evaluation methodologies, which are traditionally used in social sectors but less so in the transport sector. These methodologies were launched in 2003 under the Tocantins sustainable regional development project. This paper highlights the context that led to the project’s design, which included an impact evaluation of the works envisaged under the project. It also highlights some of the main challenges faced by this impact evaluation and how these challenges were addressed for the present study. It then provides details about the data collected during the surveys and the key relevant characteristics of the population targeted by the surveys. It discusses the possible estimation methods envisioned to undertake the study and provides the main results of the assessment based on these methods. The analysis shows that improved rural roads changed people’s transport modal choice. People came to use more public buses and individual motorized vehicles after the rural road improvements. The paper also finds that the project increased school attendance, particularly for girls. Although the evidence is relatively weak in statistical terms, it indicates that the project contributed to increasing agricultural jobs and household income in certain regions.

Details

  • Author

    Iimi,Atsushi, Lancelot,Eric R., Manelici,Isabela, Ogita,Satoshi

  • Document Date

    2015/04/01

  • Report Number

    95574

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Brazil,

  • Region

    Latin America & Caribbean,

  • Disclosure Date

    2015/05/14

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Evaluating the social and economic impacts of rural road improvements in the state of Tocantins, Brazil

  • Keywords

    rural road improvement;social and economic development;number of school children;Visiting Friends and Relatives;appliance ownership;demand for mobility;household income;rural dweller;rural accessibility;summary statistic;baseline survey;access to school;road improvement works;propensity score matching;access to health;world development indicator;improved accessibility;estimate impact;standard economic analysis;theory of change;frequency of travel;household income variable;human development index;reduction in travel;access to grid;average travel time;vehicle ownership rate;public transport service;public bus service;rural road transport;Early childhood education;infant mortality rate;average exchange rate;mode of transportation;number of beneficiaries;demand for transport;roads and development;gross domestic product;amount of debt;education and health;impact evaluation methodology;impact evaluation design;average household income;impact of transport;average travel speed;adult literacy rate;per capita expenditure;rural road construction;per capita income;local business association;consumer price index;level of motorization;rural road investment;rainy season;school attendance;explanatory variable;baseline data;estimation method;treatment group;rural population;road condition;survey data;modal choice;estimation result;simple average;dry season;tap water;infrastructure access;school boy;household consumption;personal travel;local resident;standard error;outcome indicator;living condition;household size;road sector;basic household;instrumental variable;living standard;rural area;elementary school;attending school;short-term impact;Job Creation;road section;agricultural production;cottage industry;school girl;physical accessibility;causal chain;statistical sense;socioeconomic impact;public consultation;health condition;road accessibility;short term impact;impact analysis;investment program;color tv;research grant;statistical significance;gas stove;washing machine;agricultural area;project construction;applicable law;consumption increase;beneficiary population;project's impact;poverty incidence;welfare measurement;public policy;social policies;participatory approach;Indigenous Peoples;rural feeder;main transport;evaluation activity;development path;public good;empirical model;identification assumptions;estimation technique;socioeconomic development;vulnerable group;subjective assessment;field survey;productive activity;road work;Public Services;participatory planning;transport cost;household head;household characteristic;rural transportation infrastructure;social policy;Population Density;rural inhabitant;present study;small municipality;concrete bridge;culvert crossing;inclement weather;population data;standard deviation;heavy rainfall;traffic road;regulatory decision;public transportation mode;main road;household benefit;borrowing money;agricultural jobs;credit access;statistical term;test score;secondary level;Toll Road;counterpart fund;local economy;income increase;unanticipated event;health interventions;transport accessibility;transport condition;household interview;survey respondent;welfare improvement;evaluation framework;agricultural sector;government administration;indigenous territory;motorized vehicles;rural community;home appliance;empirical issue;basic infrastructure;social characteristic;state modernization;robustness check;long-term impact;extreme poverty;core infrastructure;subsidiary right;purchasing food;population target;community survey;positive impact;urban population;social opportunities;transport demand;transport mode;increased demand;road length;road development;remote region;socioeconomic benefits;land distribution;investment policy;educational institution;household use;civil works;municipal road;average debt;Public Goods;population distribution;project execution;data sampling;educational benefit;health benefit;modal change;total sample;Municipalities;

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Citation

Iimi,Atsushi Lancelot,Eric R. Manelici,Isabela Ogita,Satoshi

Evaluating the social and economic impacts of rural road improvements in the state of Tocantins, Brazil (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/109021467992478157/Evaluating-the-social-and-economic-impacts-of-rural-road-improvements-in-the-state-of-Tocantins-Brazil