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Social Protection and Jobs Responses to COVID-19 : A Real-Time Review of Country Measures (English)

As of January 2022, a total of 3,856 social protection and labor measures were planned or implemented by 223 economies. This constitutes a net increase of 523 measures, or 15.6 percent since the last update in May 2021. While noteworthy, such increase is the lowest among net additions observed over previous semesters. In fact, the global pace of measures’ introduction over January 2020-January 2022 has been slowing down. This report focuses on the real-time review of country measures in terms of social protection and job responses to Coronavirus (COVID-19).


  • Author

    Gentilini,Ugo, Almenfi,Mohamed Bubaker Alsafi, Iyengar,TMM, Okamura,Yuko, Downes,John Austin, Dale,Pamela, Weber,Michael, Newhouse,David Locke, Rodriguez Alas,Claudia P, Kamran,Mareeha, Mujica Canas,Ingrid Veronica, Fontenez,Maria Belen, Asieduah,Sandra, Mahboobani Martinez,Vikesh Ramesh, Reyes Hartley,Gonzalo Javier, Demarco,Gustavo C., Abels,Miglena, Zafar,Usama, Urteaga,Emilio Raul, Valleriani,Giorgia, Muhindo,Jimmy Vulembera, Aziz,Sheraz

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    Working Paper

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    The World Region,

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  • Doc Name

    Social Protection and Jobs Responses to COVID-19 : A Real-Time Review of Country Measures

  • Keywords

    Cash Transfer; Occupational health and safety; cash transfer program; health and safety regulation; million people; social assistance; wage subsidy; Wage Subsidies; social assistance program; informal worker; labor market policy; number of beneficiaries; people with disability; labor market regulation; labor market program; wage subsidy program; income support policy; formal sector worker; country income group; social protection spending; billion people; labor regulation; public employment service; duration employment; continuity of service; social security contribution; social security system; social security benefit; person with disability; informal labor force; flexible working hour; salaries and wages; seasonal agricultural workers; cash transfer scheme; degree of informality; labor market intermediation; labor market demand; Labor Policies; labor policy; regulatory adjustment; social insurance; vulnerable group; payment modality; payment method; pension system; school feeding; administrative adjustment; financial obligation; Elderly People; wage worker; horizontal expansion; regulatory change; working condition; supply-side policy; fiscal resource; universal transfer; coverage rate; pension saving; informal sector; direct beneficiaries; administrative datum; voucher scheme; severance payment; pension scheme; population group; tax measure; tax payment; pension agency; funded scheme; future pension; minimum pension; general revenues; support worker; monetary benefit; delivery mechanism; remote payment; digital technology; eligibility conditions; online platform; Vocational Training; labor supply; Temporary Work; dismissal procedure; use policy; budgetary constraint; economic hardship; global response; job match; working day; in work; Informal Economy; paid leave; economic sector; policy regard; Business Continuity; unpaid leave; original contract; low rate; negative effect; unemployed benefit; student work; Job Matching; worker type; negative correlation; employment relationship; Job Creation; monetary compensation; personnel cost; new employees; Young Workers; sheltered workshop; monthly allowance; eligibility requirement; placement service; informal employment; subsidized training; liquidity policy; administrative simplification; advanced payment; minimum wage; young people; tax disadvantage; job placement; adult population; village fund; cash payout; cash payment; high share; unconditional transfers; work permit; chronic disease; social pension; cross-border workers; important share; food transfer; mandatory scheme; stimulus package; employment contract; monthly transfers; low-income settings; young population; pandemic effect; voluntary scheme; unemployment benefit; healthcare insurance; social registries; hire woman; new information; program beneficiary; cash disbursement; landscape change; digital cash; Learning and Innovation Credit



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Gentilini,Ugo Almenfi,Mohamed Bubaker Alsafi Iyengar,TMM Okamura,Yuko Downes,John Austin Dale,Pamela Weber,Michael Newhouse,David Locke Rodriguez Alas,Claudia P Kamran,Mareeha Mujica Canas,Ingrid Veronica Fontenez,Maria Belen Asieduah,Sandra Mahboobani Martinez,Vikesh Ramesh Reyes Hartley,Gonzalo Javier Demarco,Gustavo C. Abels,Miglena Zafar,Usama Urteaga,Emilio Raul Valleriani,Giorgia Muhindo,Jimmy Vulembera Aziz,Sheraz

Social Protection and Jobs Responses to COVID-19 : A Real-Time Review of Country Measures (English). COVID-19 Living Paper Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.