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Indispensable ocean : aligning ocean health and human well-being - guidance from the blue ribbon panel to the global partnerships for oceans (English)

A healthy ocean is fundamental to human wellbeing and an indispensable part of the Earth's life-support system, which sustains the species and the ecosystems upon which we depend. The ocean regulates our climate and, as part of the hydrological cycle, drives weather patterns that determine rainfall, droughts, and floods. The ocean has also reduced the impact of human-induced climate change by absorbing 25 percent of the carbon dioxide released by human activities and over 90 percent of the extra heat trapped by rising concentrations of atmospheric greenhouse gases. The ocean also provides food and sustains livelihoods. The size and growth of the human population is putting unprecedented pressure on natural resources, both on land and in the sea. The ocean may play an increasing role in supplying those resources and will, in this regard, play a critical role in global efforts to reduce poverty and improve livelihoods. Comprehensive global estimates of the economic activity associated with the ocean have only recently been attempted and a published consensus estimate has not yet emerged. The global economic benefits derived from the ocean's goods and services are, however, undeniably important, especially for coastal states and island nations. The ocean generates hundreds of millions of jobs in biotechnology, energy, fishing, shipping, tourism, and other sectors. Most current economic assessments do not yet fully account for the innumerable non-market ecosystem services that can deeply influence well-being, traditions, cultures, faith, and recreation and enjoyment for many millions of people.

Details

  • Author

    Hoegh-Guldberg, Ove Aqorau, Transform Arnason, Ragnar Chansiri, Thiraphong Del Rio, Nelson Demone, Henry Earle, Sylvia Feeley, Mary H. Gutierrez, Dimitri Hilborn, Ray Ishii, Naoko Lischewski, Chris Lubchenco, Jane Nguyen, Kim Anh Obura, David Payet, H.E. Rolph Neroni Slade, Tuiloma Tanzer, John Williams, Johan H. Wright, Dawn J. Xu, Jintao

  • Document Date

    2013/10/16

  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number

    82651

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    World,

  • Region

    The World Region,

  • Disclosure Date

    2013/11/15

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Indispensable ocean : aligning ocean health and human well-being - guidance from the blue ribbon panel to the global partnerships for oceans

  • Keywords

    selection criterion;sustainable use of marine;effect of climate change;National Centre for Ocean;central bank of iceland;sustainable use of resources;Global Partnership for Oceans;stakeholder need;impact of climate change;fisheries and aquaculture;Principles and Criteria;ocean health;atmospheric co2 concentration;sustainable resource management;global environment facility;livelihoods at risk;human capacity building;long-term investment horizons;global public good;net present value;privileges and immunity;coral reef monitoring;Environment & Energy;Oil & Gas;human resource capacity;Oil and Gas;regional governance structure;marine coastal ecosystems;economic development opportunity;return on investment;commercial fish stocks;academy of science;art and science;national fishery;Merger and Acquisitions;mitigating climate change;carbon dioxide release;support from community;public-private partnership structuring;extent of threats;internalization of environmental;Natural Resource Management;allocation of right;exchange of good;source of food;state of knowledge;social and environmental;sea surface temperature;readiness for change;atmospheric carbon dioxide;ocean resource;ecosystem service;marine ecosystem;knowledge gap;long-term viability;common good;geographic area;governance system;critical habitat;fishery economics;baseline conditions;global scale;strategic investment;Marine Pollution;fishery management;Ocean Ecosystems;sustainable livelihood;marine resource;innovative solution;global change;habitat destruction;coastal communities;scientific evidence;seafood company;ecosystem function;irreversible change;measurement system;management tool;global network;Public Goods;poverty alleviation;national research;market system;Investment Support;sustainable management;local knowledge;water quality;protected area;ecosystem health;coastal habitat;community engagement;causal link;fishing company;financial resource;big data;coastal environment;regional ecosystems;tax structure;annual revenue;subsidiary company;global seafood;fishery policy;Advisory services;business enterprise;social venture;Real estate;global business;International Trade;small-scale fishery;coral bleach;reef ecology;state support;food processor;executive board;graduate program;Global Warming;resource economics;scientific journal;equitable benefit;improved information;range resource;governance framework;fishing right;harvest quotas;viable ecosystems;seafood production;management experience;price structure;nutrient cycling;open access;impact monitoring;water column;business efforts;educational network;global pollution;knowledge platform;positive outcome;consumer behavior;unreported fishing;market distortion;fisheries committee;economic failure;environmental goods;knowledge exchange;global knowledge;sustainable aquaculture;financial viability;environmental sustainability;access agreement;regional fishery;system design;international assignments;seafood industry;grocery manufacturer;innovative research;behavior modification;project goals;sustainable outcomes;initial investment;natural asset;marine life;positive impact;enabling conditions;public partnership;management mechanism;global cooperation;research community;risk analysis;technological innovation;political risk;Population Growth;technology evolution;political change;government support;leadership development;storm surge;global effort;strategic advice;habitat loss;adverse changes;subsequent section;social inequity;gender equity;diversified livelihood;global distribution;market-based mechanisms;incentive structure;local culture;sustainable partnership;natural capital;habitat protection;fair trade;social aspect;mining activity;coastal development;global ecosystem;liquid waste;social force;coastal resource;nursery areas;effective governance;decline in agriculture;adaptive approach;national budget;management framework;sustainable practices;international community;development phase;innovative method;goal alignment;coastal land

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Citation

Hoegh-Guldberg, Ove Aqorau, Transform Arnason, Ragnar Chansiri, Thiraphong Del Rio, Nelson Demone, Henry Earle, Sylvia Feeley, Mary H. Gutierrez, Dimitri Hilborn, Ray Ishii, Naoko Lischewski, Chris Lubchenco, Jane Nguyen, Kim Anh Obura, David Payet, H.E. Rolph Neroni Slade, Tuiloma Tanzer, John Williams, Johan H. Wright, Dawn J. Xu, Jintao

Indispensable ocean : aligning ocean health and human well-being - guidance from the blue ribbon panel to the global partnerships for oceans (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/111381468155703584/Indispensable-ocean-aligning-ocean-health-and-human-well-being-guidance-from-the-blue-ribbon-panel-to-the-global-partnerships-for-oceans