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Cigarette affordability in China : 2001-2016 (English)

This study investigates the affordability of cigarettes in China between 2001 and 2016. In the past two decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth rates. The country's per capita GDP has increased at an average annual rate of 10 percent. Rapid economic growth increases people's purchasing power and makes cigarettes more affordable, as income gains overrun cigarette price increases.


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    Zheng,Rong, Hu,Xiao, Marquez,Patricio V., Wang Yang,Emily Xiaoxia

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    Working Paper

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    The World Region,

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  • Doc Name

    Cigarette affordability in China : 2001-2016

  • Keywords

    economics of tobacco control;disposable income;price elasticity of demand;demand for tobacco product;real per capita income;Center for Disease Control;price of tobacco products;change in quantity demanded;income elasticity of demand;per capita income level;effective tobacco control policy;daily income;price of cigarette;tax price;tobacco control measures;health care cost;country income group;reducing cigarette consumption;economic growth rate;percentage of income;increase in income;legislation and regulation;gross domestic product;standard of living;cigarette excise taxes;public health gains;role of taxation;disparity in income;consumption of cigarettes;disparities in access;share of resource;cigarette price;low-income group;tobacco tax;cigarette brands;weighted average;cheap cigarettes;price category;retail price;policy solutions;high-income group;income inequality;price variation;relative income;low-income people;urban household;inflation rate;household income;nominal price;income growth;price ratio;tax increase;price rise;average price;urban resident;rural resident;tobacco consumption;regular tax;selection criterion;income gain;labour market;public space;tax adjustment;Job Creation;Cigarette Use;income quintile;cross-country study;extreme poverty;substitute good;price decrease;international union;price change;income change;lower-income group;publishing house;minimum price;cigarette smuggling;policy strategy;relative magnitude;index management;income gap;price gap;study period;price weighted;tax incidence;share price;tax situation;annual consumption;tax revenue;household data;price information;base year;emerging economy;relative price;affordability index;living standard;social wealth;regional disparity;family structure;Emerging economies;low-income consumer;Medical Insurance;institutional factor;urban migrant;registration status;rural dweller;prosperous society;cigarette smoking;income increase;policy perspective;professor emeritus;large consumer;adjustment process;substantial variation;international business;study including;social stability;premature death;study estimate;tax policy;tobacco prices;rural income;framework convention;tax measure;tax jurisdiction;national population;Tobacco Taxation;confidence interval;simulation model;lung disease;consumption datum;



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Zheng,Rong Hu,Xiao Marquez,Patricio V. Wang Yang,Emily Xiaoxia

Cigarette affordability in China : 2001-2016 (English). Tobacco taxation Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.