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High-risk, post-conflict engagement : FM work in Afghanistan (English)

When countries emerge from conflict, they rarely transition smoothly to a golden age of peace and prosperity. In many post-conflict countries, infrastructure has been destroyed, armed groups create an atmosphere of insecurity, and the government is low in legitimacy and capacity but high in corruption. Indeed, even the 'post-conflict' designation is elusive: many countries slip back into pockets of conflict, so that affected areas are unsafe for reconstruction operations. It is hard to use aid effectively in such environments, both because of the obvious physical and institutional constraints and because informal systems and social groupings tend to supersede sound business practices, internal controls, and 'neutral' organs of security.




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Okpara, Kenneth

High-risk, post-conflict engagement : FM work in Afghanistan (English). FM Notes ; no. 10 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.