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Bosnia and Herzegovina - Avian Influenza Preparedness Project : environmental assessment (English)

The primary potential risks for the Bosnia and Herzegovina Avian Influenza Preparedness Project can be grouped into three categories: (a) Inadvertent human exposure and spread of the virus due to: improper culling and disposal of dead birds (wild birds, sick and dead birds from backyard and commercial poultries); lack of, or improper use of personal protection equipment (PPE); improper disposal of farm waste (i.e., bedding, manure, washings, etc. during and/or after an outbreak); and inadequate lab biosafety protocols. (b) Inadvertent release of chemicals in the environment from unsatisfactory decontamination procedures (for personnel, poultry sheds, and transport vehicles, etc.). (c) Release of chemicals and infectious agents into the environment from inadequate laboratory and medical facility waste management. The mitigation measures for the animal and health components are generally given as: disposal of infected materials (siting and digging burial pits, using quicklime to prevent earthworms from bringing up contaminated material, considering other options such as cremation, incineration, pit burning, and rendering); use of the least toxic disinfectants necessary; and strengthening laboratory waste management (containment of pathogenic agents, access control, release solely of disinfected and harmless agents, along with developing lab manuals). One of the major environmental impacts arising within the human health segment is proper waste and bedding management, personal protective equipment, and control of viral agents. Since the human health component will focus on a number of staff-trainings, capacity building, and practice drills, most of the environmental impacts can be overcome by addressing them during the training and drills, and establishing friendly waste-management procedures. The EA report further proposes monitoring activities and responsible institutions for monitoring, where the local acting authorities would implement the mitigation measures, while the state-level authorities would be informed of such measures, and would be provided reports on activities for control and containment of Avian Influenza, along with environmental mitigation measures conducted.


  • Author

    Bosna-S Consulting

  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Environmental Assessment

  • Report Number


  • Volume No


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  • Country

    Bosnia and Herzegovina,

  • Region

    Europe and Central Asia,

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  • Disclosure Status


  • Doc Name

    Bosnia and Herzegovina - Avian Influenza Preparedness Project : environmental assessment

  • Keywords

    law;outbreak of avian influenza;livelihoods of hundreds of millions;adverse environmental impact;public sector capacity building;official gazette;outbreak of avian flu;safe storage of waste;national environmental action plan;disease prevention and control;negative environmental impact;environmental issue;disposal of animal;dead bird;domestic poultry;mitigation measure;animal carcass disposal;provision of equipment;prevention of disease;special waste management;disposal of carcass;adverse environmental effect;infectious disease emergency;method of diagnosis;spread of disease;hospital infection control;environmental health impact;flow of information;personal protective equipment;health care system;Zoonosis;laboratory waste;preparedness plan;Secondary Health Care;disease control strategy;disease control measure;commercial poultry production;emerging infectious disease;communicable disease control;backyard poultry farmer;public health safety;high groundwater table;human capital accumulation;water catchment areas;occurrence of outbreak;international environmental treaties;Environmental Management Plan;domestic poultry production;sectors of society;consumption of poultry;information and communication;avian flu outbreak;animal waste management;public health risk;contamination of surface;incineration of waste;contamination of soil;transfer of fund;terrestrial domestic poultry;standard and guideline;risk of disease;essential community service;civil defense forces;water table depth;reconstruction and rehabilitation;zoonotic disease;veterinary department;veterinary Services;sick animal;veterinary practice;hospital waste;outbreak area;health component;transport vehicle;personal protection;veterinary inspector;veterinary station;medical service;environmental safeguard;diagnostic laboratories;contagious disease;health care facilities;preventive measure;safe cull;medical facility;production facility;Waste Material;secondary legislation;social aspect;wastewater collection;veterinary authority;environmental permit;public area;safe handling;potable water;environmental legislation;emergency operation;water source;laboratory biosafety;awareness raising;pit closure;poultry sheds;decontamination procedure;international community;biosafety protocol;Farm Waste;improper disposal;good hygiene;wild bird;adequate training;influenza pandemic;global spread;Environmental Assessment;pandemic influenza;progressive control;social distance;laboratory capacity;disinfectant use;testing procedure;international standard;compensatory measure;bedding management;



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Bosna-S Consulting

Bosnia and Herzegovina - Avian Influenza Preparedness Project : environmental assessment (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.