Skip to Main Navigation

Revisiting the Poverty Trend in Rwanda : 2010/11 to 2013/14 (English)

According to the official statistics published by the National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda, the country registered a decline in poverty from 46 percent in 2010/11 to 39 percent in 2013/14. This declining poverty trend was broadly debated and repeatedly questioned in national and international forums, which provided the primary motivation for this study. Using data from the third and fourth rounds of the Integrated Household Living Conditions Surveys, this paper revisits the national poverty numbers and corroborates the poverty rates published by the National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda. Underlying the paper’s conclusions is a detailed theoretical and analytical framework for making poverty comparisons over time. Furthermore, the paper shows that after adjusting for spatial and temporal price differences, the poverty rate based on the international poverty line of $1.90 per day per capita shows that there was a reduction in poverty between 2010/11 and 2013/14.


  • Author

    Fatima,Freeha, Yoshida,Nobuo

  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Policy Research Working Paper

  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country


  • Region


  • Disclosure Date


  • Disclosure Status


  • Doc Name

    Revisiting the Poverty Trend in Rwanda : 2010/11 to 2013/14

  • Keywords

    Poverty and Equity; adjustment need; incidence of poverty decline; cost of living index; per capita poverty line; inflation rate; food poverty line; poverty headcount rate; international poverty line; adult equivalent; absolute poverty line; average inflation rate; basket of good; official poverty rate; household consumption expenditure; national poverty rate; resulting poverty line; decline in poverty; high inflation rate; reduction in poverty; world development indicator; total consumption expenditure; household and individual; median food expenditure; household expenditure data; global best practice; change in poverty; household survey data; official poverty line; increase in income; rate of depreciation; estimation of poverty; distribution of expenditure; per capita term; expenditure on food; household composition difference; small area estimation; rural price index; adult equivalence scale; living standard measurement; labor market outcome; total poverty line; distribution of consumption; poverty trend; welfare aggregate; poor household; budget share; consumption pattern; food basket; consumption aggregate; poverty estimate; price variation; temporal price; estimation methodology; poverty threshold; Poverty Measurement; food component; spatial price; consumption datum; basic food; weighted average; measure of use; poverty comparison; global poverty; base period; expenditure pattern; bottom quintile; monetary poverty; welfare indicator; caloric intake; food share; headcount poverty; survey period; poverty monitoring; welfare standard; price adjustment; age composition; food category; demand behavior; sweet potato; consumption model; standard deviation; Maternal Health; irish potato; evidence-based policy; monetary term; Maternal Mortality; consumption basket; extreme values; measurement error; dependency ratio; acceptable standard; inflation factor; future time; household size; fertility rate; temporal pattern; consumer choice; reveal preference; calorie content; unit price; uncooked food; calorie consumption; calorie table; budget allocation; total weight; basket weight; consumption vector; consumer behavior; employment status; food good; good health; nutritional requirement; logistic regression; imputation method; section show; tree nut; common use; oil crop; nonfood expenditure; urban region; Economic Inequality; annual consumption; survey household; solid line; subsidized housing; important component; annual expenditure; potential candidate; official estimates; consumption flow; Durable goods; nominal expenditures; ceteris paribus; data sharing; agricultural sector; Informal Economy; aggregate consumption; extreme poverty; welfare comparison; primary purpose; aggregation method; empirical evidence; official statistic; global monitoring; gender distribution; measuring poverty; consumption need; poverty count; declining poverty; aid community; population share; poverty profile; development policy; relative weight; open access



Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)

  • Official PDF
  • TXT*
  • Total Downloads** :
  • Download Stats
  • *The text version is uncorrected OCR text and is included solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.


Fatima,Freeha Yoshida,Nobuo

Revisiting the Poverty Trend in Rwanda : 2010/11 to 2013/14 (English). Policy Research working paper,no. WPS 8585 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.