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Water and Nutrition - A Framework for Action (English)

This framework for action was developed to support the inclusion of nutritional considerations in the design of water operations and to help formulate nutrition-enhancing water policy. Chronic undernutrition early in life can cause cognitive and physical impairments that prevent children from achieving their full potential and have lasting consequences on the human capital that is essential for economies of the future to be competitive. The authors present an integrated water and nutrition framework to aid in understanding the various ways that water impacts early child nutrition, drawing on the three dimensions of water security: water quantity, adequate supply of water resources; water quality, water that is free of contamination; and water accessibility, reliable availability to all people, economies, and ecosystems. Each of these in turn affects the underlying drivers of poor nutrition outcomes in children. Challenges associated with water-related conflict and water resources in the context of fragility cuts across each of the drivers of undernutrition. The framework complements guidance notes that describe the evidence of how water sector investments across irrigation, water management, and water supply and sanitation impact early child nutrition and summarize recommendations on how to design interventions for greater impact.


  • Author

    Chase,Claire, Bahuguna,Aroha, Chen,Yue, Haque,Sabrina Sharmin, Schulte,Mik

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  • Document Type

    Working Paper

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  • Region

    The World Region, Other,

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  • Doc Name

    Water and Nutrition - A Framework for Action

  • Keywords

    water; Social and Behavior Change Communication; international food policy research institute; Demographic and Health Survey; Infant and Young Child Feeding; quality of water resource; access to health service; effect of climate change; water supply and sanitation; scaling up nutrition; adequate supply of water; management of water resource; Fragility, Conflict, and Violence; access to health care; high risk of infection; leading cause of death; opportunity cost of water; united nations population fund; global burden of disease; Nutrition and Food Security; quality of water supply; availability of water supply; water use in agriculture; arsenic in drinking water; quality health care; cgiar research program; quality of health care; contamination of drinking water; health and hygiene; time of drought; gross domestic product; water sector investment; role of water; health and nutrition; quantity of water; fragile and conflict; demand for water; Early Childhood Development; body mass index; child nutrition; Water Security; children's nutrition; design of water; mental health status; loss of nutrient; exposure to pathogen; growth and development; poor water supply; incidence of diarrhea; exposure to risk; amount of income; reliable water supply; water supply system; drinking water quality; iron deficiency anemia; fecal coliform bacteria; Water Resource Management; early child development; transboundary water dispute; safe drinking water; transboundary water resource; barrier to education; water per day; domestic water consumption; improved water source; water user association; oral rehydration solution; acute respiratory infection; risk of illness; gross national income; death from disease; crowded living condition; water for agriculture; improvements in access; waste management practice; Irrigation and Agriculture; household survey data; safety of food; births per woman; sanitation water; sustainable water resource; global food demand; amount of water; increase in land; drinking water coverage; global water availability; expansion of irrigation; poor rural household; access to irrigation; sanitation and hygiene; access to food



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Chase,Claire Bahuguna,Aroha Chen,Yue Haque,Sabrina Sharmin Schulte,Mik

Water and Nutrition - A Framework for Action (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.