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Livestock and livelihoods in rural Tanzania : a descriptive analysis of the 2009 national panel survey (English)

In 2006, the government approved a national livestock policy based on the premise that the livestock industry has an important role to play in building a strong national economy and in the process, reducing inequalities among Tanzanians by increasing their incomes and employment opportunities. This report presents an analysis of rural livelihoods in Tanzania, with particular emphasis on the livestock sub-sector, smallholder farmers' living standards, and issues with access to productive assets. The report attempts to answer basic questions such as: to what extent is keeping livestock an activity of the relatively better off, and to what extent are poorer households able to engage?; how does the role of livestock vary with different levels of income and well-being?; how are livestock holding size and structure associated with differences in welfare, gender, and geography?; how important are input and output markets for small livestock keepers?; what form does this market participation take in practice, and to what extent?; and to what extent do the non-income services of livestock (for example, manure, draught power) benefit crop production? The study is based on data from the Tanzania national panel survey (NPS) collected by the national bureau of statistics (NBS) from October 2008 to October 2009 as part of the first wave of a nationally representative living standards survey. Data was collected using household, agricultural, and community questionnaires in which information was obtained at the individual, household, plot, and community level The report is organized as follows: section one gives background information; description of the data is presented in section two, in section three the authors analyze the composition of rural income, household endowment of human capital, and access to infrastructure and assets, in order to gain an understanding of the level of wellbeing in the rural space. A descriptive analysis of the characteristics of small rural livestock owners and their production practices is provided in section four, which highlights the heterogeneity of the households engaged in the livestock sector and presents evidence of the sector's importance to rural livelihoods in terms of both income and consumption. Section five concludes with a discussion of key results and their implications for policy and further analysis.

Details

  • Author

    Covarrubias,Katia A., Nsiima, Longin, Zezza,Alberto

  • Document Date

    2012/06/01

  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number

    86628

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Tanzania,

  • Region

    Africa,

  • Disclosure Date

    2014/04/08

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Livestock and livelihoods in rural Tanzania : a descriptive analysis of the 2009 national panel survey

  • Keywords

    livestock ownership;united nations population fund;demand for livestock product;consumption of livestock product;per capita expenditure quintile;products of animal origin;livestock activities;income from livestock;living standard survey;share of income;total agricultural production;years of schooling;private primary school;access to infrastructure;concentration of ownership;improved seed variety;hectares of land;size and structure;primary school level;agricultural wage labor;agricultural wage laborers;urban household;livestock sector;patterns of consumption;access to fertilizer;distribution of land;garbage collection service;lack of credit;government primary school;income generating activity;rural household income;scale of production;source of income;ensuring food security;store of value;gdp growth rate;per capita basis;consumption of products;data on income;terms of trade;implications for policy;discrimination in access;chemical fertilizer use;scale production;number of poultry;numbers of animals;incidence of poverty;diversified income portfolio;household food expenditure;household food security;per capita consumption;source income;poor household;rural livelihood;agricultural sector;rural livestock;household head;agricultural activity;livestock holding;income share;livestock rearing;herd composition;smallholder farmer;crop production;livestock keeping;herd size;bottom quintile;household expenditure;agricultural input;rural population;agricultural self-employment;account advance rate;large farmer;small animals;livestock keeper;agricultural household;rural area;rural space;land size;household use;land holding;cattle ownership;herd structure;working age;basic household;draught power;small ruminant;flush toilet;organic fertilizer;veterinary service;livestock subsector;smallholder sector;output market;household livelihood;household labor;market participation;rural land;input use;livestock producer;input expenditure;productive asset;rural economy;running water;Public Services;livestock managers;agricultural practice;household welfare;agricultural sale;Livestock Production;positive relationship;farming sector;veterinary Services;agricultural output;vaccination rate;Land Ownership;farming household;general observation;urban income;longitudinal data;current consumption;land distribution;fertilizer cost;average distance;farm household;single source;household preference;labor activity;diversified portfolio;income increase;agricultural land;farm activities;farm activity;extension service;agricultural work;subsistence household;landless household;livestock demand;agricultural census;cumulative distribution;Rural Poor;data issue;public transfer;consumption expenditure;ox cart;fertilizer purchase;greater access;agricultural asset;expenditure change;small holder;remittance data;agricultural laborer;livestock system;household level;agricultural tool;labor expenditures;sample contract;equivalence scale;conversion factor;household wealth;cultivated land;small producer;wealth quintile;positive correlation;farming activity;urban sample;corporate farm;dairy consumption;Sewage Disposal;bottom land;agricultural plot;Private School;welfare level;household size;survey results;small holding;cross-country data;ownership share;household participation;agricultural machinery;urban population;production practice;slaughtered animal;supply response;summary statistic;average age;telephone line;household characteristic;rural income;human capital;present evidence;community questionnaire;community level;improved breed;vaccination service;rural ones;livestock sale;Cash Income;national economy;agricultural service;agricultural growth;productivity gain;market imperfection;world food;animal breeding;dairy product;reducing inequality;employment opportunities;employment opportunity;investment opportunities;sustainable agriculture;economic recession;animal vaccination;share purchasing;steep gradient;livestock asset;livestock output;fodder range;livestock species

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Citation

Covarrubias,Katia A. Nsiima, Longin Zezza,Alberto

Livestock and livelihoods in rural Tanzania : a descriptive analysis of the 2009 national panel survey (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/141341468132878632/Livestock-and-livelihoods-in-rural-Tanzania-a-descriptive-analysis-of-the-2009-national-panel-survey