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China - Second Xinjiang Highway Project : environmental impact assessment (Vol. 3) (English)

This report presents an environmental assessment of the Second Xinjiang Highway Project, currently under construction in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China. The 273km extension of the highway is intended to aid in strengthening the capacity for the exchange of goods and in promoting further economic development in the region. The project has impacts of varying degrees on many aspects of the physical, ecological and social environments within the region, as well as on the standard of living of the resident population. Identified as having the worst potential impact on the environment as a result of the construction is the increased level of noise. The functionality of farmland irrigation systems, cultivation of crops, and productivity of husbandry follow in expected severity of consequences suffered. In addition, inhabitants of the region will have to be resettled. To a lesser degree, public health, air quality, surface water quality, the safety of wild animals and the sanctity of forests will be at risk. There also exists the possibility of erosion of the soil, leakage of hazardous substances into the ground, and damage to cultural and historic relics. Overall land quality and rare animal species, however, are expected to experience no negative consequences and tourism, industry and the social economy are projected to benefit greatly from the completion of the project. An environmental management plan (EMP) has been developed to combat the potential environmental effects of the project. The EMP recommends as measures of mitigation that the project avoid the following: disturbing existing and planned infrastructures, constructing through areas with sensitive hydrogeologic conditions, cutting irrigation networks, occupying farmland, resettling inhabitants, and disturbing cultural relics and historic sites.


  • Author

    Research Academy of Environmental Science, PRC Xinjiang Communications Department

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  • Document Type

    Environmental Assessment

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  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

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  • Doc Name

    China - Second Xinjiang Highway Project : environmental impact assessment

  • Keywords

    construction phase;organizational chart;residential area;noise sensitive area;resettlement action plan;environmental protection measures;construction and operation;asphalt mixing site;dust pollution;environment protection;environmental training;water quality impact;farm land use;irrigation and drainage;law and regulation;engineering design;driving speed;building material;traffic noise;drainage system;Traffic Safety;public security;gas monitoring;safety requirement;construction work;monitoring cost;construction personnel;construction site;atmospheric pollution;fire extinguisher;public notice;cultural relic;wild plant;Natural Resources;environmental monitoring;Traffic Accident;toll gate;cultivated soil;standard for method;environmental supervision;protection cost;environment monitoring;arable land;environmental staff;monitoring methodology;sound level;noise pollution;noise mitigation;meteorological condition;peak traffic;emission inspection;environmental pollution;polluted water;planting time;natural conditions;national highway;transportation cost;irrigation channel;engineering geology;historic site;scale enterprise;flood discharge;parking place;water source;traffic peak;vehicle noise;local resident;acoustic environment;irrigation system;environment quality;potable water;cement plant;city traffic;crossing over;Social Welfare;



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Research Academy of Environmental Science, PRC Xinjiang Communications Department

China - Second Xinjiang Highway Project : environmental impact assessment (Vol. 3) (English). World Development Sources, WDS 1997-2 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.