Skip to Main Navigation

Yemen poverty notes (English)

Yemen is in the midst of an unprecedented crisis. Following the Houthi capture of Sana’a in September 2014 and the gradual takeover of government institutions in the first quarter of 2015, the incumbent government, including President Hadi, fled and took refuge in the southern port city of Aden and later in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The Houthis kept pressing south while a Saudi Arabian-led coalition of nine Arab countries initiated a military campaign to restore the ousted government to power. This plunged the country into a civil war that is still ongoing. This conflict has had wide-ranging effects. In the midst of these events, this note projects the poverty rate in 2016 utilizing the 2014 Yemen Household Budget Survey (HBS). Coming almost a decade after the last similarly comprehensive analysis of living standards was carried out in the country using the 2005 version the data, the survey provides insight in how households might adapt to the conflict, and also provides a useful benchmark of income and non-income dimensions of poverty in 2014 before the conflict escalated in 2015. Additionally, particular attention is paid to food security and social protection given their importance following the escalation of the conflict.

Document also available in :  


  • Author


  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country

    Yemen, Yemen Republic of

  • Region

    Middle East and North Africa,

  • Disclosure Date


  • Disclosure Status


  • Doc Name

    Yemen poverty notes

  • Keywords

    increase in expenditure;central bank of yemen;headcount poverty rate;source of drinking water;oil and gas export;square poverty gap;food poverty line;national poverty rate;source income;source of income;improved water;incidence of poverty;total poverty line;rural poverty rate;poverty gap index;change in poverty;social welfare fund;place of origin;measures of welfare;measure of inequality;rural area;issue of access;loss of livelihood;Poverty & Inequality;poverty headcount rate;estimates of food;change in welfare;renewable water resource;sources of water;labor market adjustment;Access to Electricity;welfare of individuals;extreme food insecurity;public sector employment;Internally Displaced People;source of revenue;public sector wage;decline in remittance;food security situation;public sector worker;social assistance program;standard of living;household living standard;Migration and Remittances;civil service salary;labor market opportunities;change in expenditure;national poverty estimates;household budget survey;access to sanitation;high poverty gap;expansion of access;high poverty rate;education and households;depth of poverty;domestic private sector;impact on poverty;household head;improved sanitation;light intensity;consumption aggregate;real gdp;satellite imagery;basic necessity;income poverty;collected information;



Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)



Yemen poverty notes (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.