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Assessing the impacts and costs of forced displacement (Vol. 2) : State of the art literature review (English)

Globally, over 40 million people have been forced to leave or flee their homes due to conflict, violence, and human rights violations either as refugees outside their country of origin or internally displaced persons (IDPs). Forced displacement is a humanitarian crisis: but it also produces developmental impacts, short and longer term, negative and positive - affecting human and social capital, economic growth, poverty reduction efforts, environmental sustainability and societal fragility. A prevailing view is that refugees are a burden on the development aspirations of host countries and populations and that negative socio-economic and environmental impacts and costs outweigh the positive contributions (actual or potential) that forcibly displaced people might make. The losses incurred by the displaced populations themselves reinforce perceptions of vulnerability and dependency and thus assumptions of the burden they might impose. This study provides such a methodology. The project is a collaborative effort between the refugee studies Centre at the University of Oxford, PRIO (Norway), FAFO (Norway) and the World Bank. The development and drafting of the methodology and the state of the art literature review was conducted by the refugee studies center, with valuable and constructive inputs from the partner organizations.

Details

  • Author

    Fiddian-Qasmiyeh, Elena, Ruiz, Isabel, Vargas Silva,Carlos Ivan, Zetter,Roger William, Hoelscher, Kristian, Stave, Svein Erik, Zhang, Huafeng

  • Document Date

    2011/06/01

  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number

    95960

  • Volume No

    2

  • Total Volume(s)

    2

  • Country

    World,

  • Region

    The World Region,

  • Disclosure Date

    2015/04/24

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    State of the art literature review

  • Keywords

    Displaced Population;data collection and analysis;broad range of stakeholders;Violations of Human Rights;host population;country of origin;impact of violence;country of resettlement;universal human rights;Internally Displaced Person;place of origin;cycle of violence;employment and unemployment;place of residence;human rights violation;source of funding;state of knowledge;effects of population;human rights abuse;impact of remittance;duration of conflict;impact of education;regions of origin;impact of refugees;Political Economy Analysis;provision of resource;country of asylum;internationally accepted standards;political economy approach;international human right;literature review;local population;host state;displaced people;international community;forced displacement;diverse stakeholder;urban context;social change;political interaction;quantitative data;internal displacement;human security;habitual residence;impact area;regional conventions;research method;Host Communities;gap analysis;interest group;gender relation;living condition;socioeconomic impact;Reproductive Health;refugee situation;empirical study;impact analysis;international response;social relation;baseline data;fluid phase;mass displacement;quantitative research;public order;long-term impact;differential impact;emerging body;mixed methods;international agency;study estimate;qualitative information;labour market;mass flight;refugee movement;essential needs;potential threat;short period;human insecurity;grey literature;historical data;identification process;empirical material;population structure;research centre;skilled individual;international commitment;international obligation;subsistence farmer;potential danger;material resource;case-study country;quantitative approach;external input;resource base;skilled refugees;political right;household composition;human need;international actor;Immigration policy;regional distribution;political settlement;relative frequency;destination point;political issue;Armed Conflict;internal conflict;Forced Migration;regional definition;political opinion;social group;study including;urban displacement;urban setting;rural area;social impact;psychological need;mixed migration;protection need;collected data;diverse population;scientific truth;long-term changes;focus group;informal interview;oral history;academic study;demographic consequence;early assessment;quantitative assessment;social system;subsequent section;research institute;baseline information;nongovernmental organisations;academic researcher;Equal Opportunity;detention centre;positive impact;negative effect;political dynamic;political change;property right;security level;empirical analysis;causal relationship;

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Citation

Fiddian-Qasmiyeh, Elena Ruiz, Isabel Vargas Silva,Carlos Ivan Zetter,Roger William Hoelscher, Kristian Stave, Svein Erik Zhang, Huafeng

Assessing the impacts and costs of forced displacement (Vol. 2) : State of the art literature review (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/147891468181502178/State-of-the-art-literature-review