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Forest energy in Pakistan : the evidence for sustainability (English)

This report addresses the sustainability of Pakistan's wood-energy system. Despite the fact the Pakistan's households are currently consuming approximately 10 million tonnes more wood fuel than can be sustainably produced, wood fuel can continue to supply the largest share of the nation's energy for the foreseeable future. However, some efforts are required to ensure that the transition from reliance upon old-growth trees to trees planted and managed deliberately for timber and fuel wood production will be completed. The evidence indicating where fuel wood is most scarce is complicated by the many different possible definitions of fuel wood scarcity: absolute physical scarcity, relative physical scarcity, and economic scarcity. Throughout most of Pakistan, wood fuel is only scarce at the level of relative physical scarcity. Because of these definitional problems and the many possible conflicting indicators of wood fuel scarcity, it is impossible to say definitively where it is most scarce at present. Different regions are at different stages in the transition to wood fuel sustainability. Wood fuel prices have not demonstrated depletion effects, indicating that it is not increasing in scarcity terms. In general, wood fuel markets in Pakistan have worked efficiently to ensure that those wanting to utilize wood fuel are supplied with it. However, households have responded to gradually increasing wood fuel scarcity by making increasing use of lower quality biomass fuels, such as twigs, straw, crop residues, and dung. Although this helps avert the local crisis of availability, it eventually leads to a gradual deterioration in environmental quality, as soil nutrients are not replaced. In general, however, 'this reliance on wood fuel leads to little deterioration in environmental quality.

Details

  • Author

    Hosier, Richard H.;

  • Document Date

    1993/07/01

  • Document Type

    ESMAP Paper

  • Report Number

    52742

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Pakistan,

  • Region

    South Asia,

  • Disclosure Date

    2010/07/01

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Forest energy in Pakistan : the evidence for sustainability

  • Keywords

    indoor air pollution;demand for fossil fuel;total national energy use;national forest resource;household energy sector;traditional fuel use;forest resource management;massive forest destruction;alternative fuel use;natural forest resources;energy consuming sector;standard of living;total energy consumption;household energy use;household energy consumption;energy planner;national energy balance;increase in income;area of forest;population growth rate;rapid population growth;loss of forest;food production system;access to forest;harvest of trees;increase in population;forest resource utilization;wood resource;fuelwood use;household sector;forest loss;wood energy;wood supply;wood consumption;spatial variation;dead wood;supply situation;tree planting;modern fuel;fuelwood supply;gap analysis;energy need;annual production;biomass fuel;electricity sector;urban household;cultivated land;surface area;wood production;fuelwood collector;land-use category;energy supplies;food supply;demand estimates;collect firewood;crop area;human settlement;land use;increased demand;indigenous forest;market force;annual consumption;fuelwood collection;agricultural land;crop residue;energy policies;technological innovation;Forest Management;net effect;land-use change;forest degradation;timber demand;fuel wood;energy utilization;forest decline;estimation technique;national policy;household interview;consumption survey;regional variation;forest data;wood scarcity;energy planning;environmental stress;land clearance;energy carrier;multiple sources;pasture land;green wood;small branch;tropical forest;canopy cover;forest conversion;land conversion;remote sensing;forest land;rural resource;population pressure;rural area;forest reserve;common land;firewood consumption;quality fuel;land privatization;global deforestation;mature trees;international environmental;accessible forests;local crisis;forest inventories;fuel price;energy data;transportation need;field survey;soil degradation;energy problem;scientific advancement;food shortage;productivity increase;consumption estimate;carbon emission;policy option;effective price;generating plant;fuelwood consumption;soil nutrient;forest supply;electricity planning;survival rate;increasing consumption;political argument;human population;electric utilities;policy perspective;load growth;timber market;timber supply;energy situation;electrical capacity;political tool;present analysis;sampling frame;quality energy;energy transition;biomass supply;important component;energy development;current consumption;resource base;small-scale farmer;fuelwood sector;land area;asian countries;increased income;national household;forest product;agricultural intensification;population increase;market condition;political economist;Nuclear Power;afforestation effort;land surface;land degradation;standard error;forest trend;random sample;simple task;market survey;consumption pattern;political crisis;net result;feedback mechanism;natural regeneration;sampling technique;primary source;fuel conservation;small area;donor community;agricultural crop;clearing forest;interfuel substitution;severe threat;environmental threat;

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Citation

Hosier, Richard H.;

Forest energy in Pakistan : the evidence for sustainability (English). Pakistan Household Energy Strategy Study (HESS) Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/148611468090587044/Forest-energy-in-Pakistan-the-evidence-for-sustainability