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Broadcasting, voice, and accountability : a public interest approach to policy, law, and regulation (English)

The broadcast media, radio and television, have a unique and particular role to play both in enhancing governance and accountability and in giving voice to poor and marginalized communities. Broadcast media, are especially relevant and accessible to remote communities, cultural and linguistic minorities, the very poor and illiterate people. Policies, laws, regulations, and other public actions that govern the broadcast media are central to play that role, and they form the main focus of this guide. The guide maps out a public interest approach to fostering free, independent, and pluralistic broadcast media. Its objective is to provide guidance on how to design a policy, legal, and regulatory framework that can contribute to the achievement of public interest goals such as transparency of government and accountability to the people, enhanced quality of and participation in public debate, and increased opportunities for marginalized groups to develop and articulate their views. The guide draws from the experiences of a wide range of countries in all regions of the world and is illustrated extensively by country-level examples of policies, laws, and regulations. The guide is intended as a tool for media reform particularly in developing and transitional democracies. This guide is structured as follows: part one offers an overview of the rationale for a public interest approach and its role in enhancing governance, development, and voice. Part two examines the general enabling environment for media and communications, including standards of freedom of expression and access to information, the use and misuse of defamation law, and general content rules that apply to all media, including print media and journalists. Part three is dedicated specifically to broadcasting, including the role of regulatory bodies, broadcast content rules, the distinctive sectors commonly referred to as public service, community nonprofit, and commercial private sector broadcasting, as well as the regulation of broadcast spectrum and channels. The final section of the guide presents a research agenda that is intended to address the lack of relevant and systematic data and information on broadcasting encountered during the process of researching and compiling this guide. It concludes by presenting some options and practical opportunities for development assistance to support a more coherent approach to reforming broadcasting in the public interest.


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    Buckley, Steve, Duer,Kreszentia M., Mendel,Toby Daniel, O Siochru,Sean Padraig

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    The World Region,

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    Broadcasting, voice, and accountability : a public interest approach to policy, law, and regulation

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    Poverty Reduction & Economic Management;freedom of information legislation;economic and sector work;access to information;Governance and Accountability;external peer review;good governance;peer review process;international development community;freedom of expression;per capita income;radio and television;senior operations;Rule of Law;culture and development;right of women;outcome and process;management & governance;quality of governance;role in society;development research group;capacity of society;struggle against poverty;nature of culture;development cooperation;Access to Electricity;effective citizen participation;social and institutional;respect for diversity;growth and development;policy and institution;process of governance;control of corruption;means of communication;opportunities for development;segments of society;lack of democracy;public interest issue;accountability in governance;participation in society;security of person;marginalized group;Broadcasting Policy;social change;civil society;Broadcast Media;Media Policy;international expert;participatory approach;democratic process;media regulation;Regulatory Bodies;broadcast spectrum;improving governance;mass media;regulatory environment;belief system;marginalized communities;informed participation;political debate;rapid change;cultural evolution;research agenda;inclusive policies;public governance;government responsiveness;civic forum;content rule;regulatory body;print media;non-governmental organization;community broadcasting;social impact;senior specialist;license requirement;public sphere;electoral choices;informed debate;cable television;standard deviation;political discussion;death squads;public relief;binding constraint;remote location;systematic evaluation;radio station;political process;curbing corruption;corrupt official;banking system;effective governance;solving problem;independent country;public scrutiny;free press;retrieval system;full transparency;information asymmetry;arsenic contamination;radio program;disadvantaged people;individual freedom;public accountability;media organization;Indigenous Peoples;nation building;common sense;positive relationship;media content;cultural tolerance;qualitative analysis;traditional structures;governance process;cultural pluralism;social agency;active citizenry;enhanced accountability;communication media;voter turnout;health awareness;cultural identities;citizen use;Disease Prevention;agricultural practice;cultural forms;cultural value;daily life;positive impact;research method;ethnographic study;telecommunications policy;legal right;empirical evidence;external accountability;political stability;government effectiveness;regulatory burden;public objective;balancing act;institutional framework;social affairs;government actor;effective participation;university press;effective citizenship;political development;potential contribution;community participation;agricultural community;enabling environment;coherent policy;human rights;political parties;political party;cultural sovereignty;standing committee;research centre;local circumstance;commercial private;coherent approach;primary purpose;radio broadcasting;general agreement;social institution;common good;social interaction;Water Management;communications system;remote community;linguistic minority;illiterate people;public action;public debate;increased opportunity;transitional democracies;civic society;environmental responsibility;local knowledge;local culture;communication process;social cohesion;citizen action;written comment;radio receiver;local communication;agricultural technique;academic specialist;social discrimination;raise awareness;political turmoil;broadcast services;local development;written permission;telecommunications specialist;village center;brick building;solar batteries;local producer;independent media;legal system;war zone;political reform;institutional process;broadcasting sectors;beneficial impact;basic freedoms;wage increase;competitive goods



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Buckley, Steve Duer,Kreszentia M. Mendel,Toby Daniel O Siochru,Sean Padraig

Broadcasting, voice, and accountability : a public interest approach to policy, law, and regulation (English). WBI. Promoting knowledge and learning for a better world Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.