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Open Access Models : Options for Improving backbone access in developing countries (with a focus on Sub-Saharan Africa) (English)

This study highlights the opportunity for new models for building and financing and regulating network infrastructure, and focuses on Africa, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)." The scope of the work for the study covers three areas: 1. Leveraging new technologies: To look at "how new technologies could maximise the usefulness of existing infrastructure and in turn support the organic growth of new services and build-out of the infrastructure, providing greater access." 2. Open access models: To examine municipal fibre models (that separate infrastructure provision from services) and the factors required to support such approaches. 3. Assessing the traditional approach to financing backbone infrastructure in SSA, to "articulate the conditions under which public financing of telecommunications infrastructure might be not only legitimate but effective from a development perspective.


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    Spintrack AB, Stockholm, Sweden

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    Working Paper

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    Open Access Models : Options for Improving backbone access in developing countries (with a focus on Sub-Saharan Africa)

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    market needs;infrastructure provider;Mobile Virtual Network Operators;national policy-makers;access to the internet;broad approach to policy;infrastructure and services;dominant market power;service and infrastructure;information on market;business model;access to ict;cost of service;disruptive technology;voice over ip;barriers to growth;share of revenue;implications for policy;providing universal access;plug and play;absence of competition;access to communication;information and communication;soft loan financing;volume of traffic;market development;international level;physical infrastructure;paradigm shift;fair trade;regulatory environment;market entry;international voice;international donor;open architecture;physical networks;local solution;public good;rural area;infrastructure network;business entry;technology innovation;data traffic;regulatory issue;business practice;regulatory pressure;fixed line;vested interests;communications technology;government ownership;greater access;core values;fixed network;technological innovation;grey market;local company;geographic scope;sustainable business;life chances;regulatory change;market dynamic;competitive environment;business case;competition framework;equipment investment;financial contribution;telephone network;international gateway;bilateral relationship;infrastructure company;street corner;switching facilities;large-scale corruption;transmission system;good governance;ample opportunity;basic transport;large-scale investment;discriminatory pricing;private operator;international communications;operational capability;full liberalization;Financial Stability;Capital Investments;rural operator;licensing alternative;mature market;core infrastructure;Population Density;traffic tariff;data network;operator tariff;price competition;narrow band;existing technology;urban market;mobile telephony;investment business;competitive framework;performance problems;transmission level;fibre optic;rural population;historical operator;social need;voice communication;financial loss;international investment;private investment;independent regulation;local circumstance;Extractive Industry;institutional interest;external investment;communications infrastructure;political patronage;holding pattern;physical condition;open access;regulatory approach;primary focus;donor agencies;competitive economy;holistic approach;social return;development perspective;study including;supplementary material;international connectivity;rural communication;municipal provider;internet service;state finance;telecommunications infrastructure;public financing;infrastructure provision;organic growth;study period;call centre;voice service;technological change;satellite transmission;national traffic;calling cards;regional backbone;market entrant;wholesale price;retail price;siamese twins;international satellite;telephony network;operational term;market growth;large operator;utility company;data service;external borrowing;political risk;contract commitment;transport layer;Performance Standards;effective action;policy outcome;political difficulty;privatisation process;potential users;sustainable way;Cash flow;competitive arrangement;commercial risk;service company;local innovation;industry sector;hard currency;wireless spectrum;international call;fundamental changes;telephone company;international traffic;price structure;market gap;legal activity;market demand;Nuclear Attack;wireless technology;computer access;regulatory rule;Civil War;lower costs;telephony model;historic form;innovative services;long-term risk;



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Spintrack AB, Stockholm, Sweden

Open Access Models : Options for Improving backbone access in developing countries (with a focus on Sub-Saharan Africa) (English). InfoDev technical paper series Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.