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Sheep and goats in developing countries : their present and potential role (English)

The objectives of this study are to assess the role of small ruminants (sheep and goats) in the food production systems of developing countries, examine their advantages and disadvantages, analyze the constraints limiting their further contribution to the welfare of small farm/low income rural producers, prescribe measures for overcoming these constraints, and make recommendations related to potential donor involvement in support of the development of sheep and goat production. Small ruminants are viewed as an integral, but not dominant component of complex agricultural systems. Particular emphasis is placed on sheep and goats in mixed herds grazing dry rangelands and in small mixed farm systems in medium to high rainfall areas. An analysis of major constraints -- ecological, biological, policy, and socio-economic -- leads to recommendations on the need for a balanced production system approach for research, training and development programs, and for a combination of support activities such as herd health programs, and formulation of favorable credit, marketing and pricing policies for small ruminants and their products.

Details

  • Author

    Winrock International

  • Document Date

    1983/12/31

  • Document Type

    Publication

  • Report Number

    WTP15

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Disclosure Date

    2010/07/01

  • Doc Name

    Sheep and goats in developing countries : their present and potential role

  • Keywords

    research program need;index number;small ruminant;project design and implementation;primary source of energy;relative value;production system;agricultural production system;mixed farming systems;food production system;sedentary production system;source of food;world meat;ruminant product;portfolio of bank;international development agency;gap in knowledge;animal feed requirement;development of recommendations;comparison of efficiency;lack of capability;supply meat;world war ii;state of knowledge;risk of theft;amount of land;crop residue grazing;crop-livestock production system;food assistance program;high quality feed;distribution of rainfall;reindeer herding;identification of constraints;movement of animal;winter grazing area;land use pattern;amount of rainfall;land use right;slash and burn;goat production;rainy season;agriculture system;small farm;ruminant animal;livestock water;live weight;dry season;Disease Control;tropical forest;tsetse fly;health program;grazing land;high rainfall;goat meat;crop production;ecological classification;system research;small herd;herd size;world population;fibrous feed;world distribution;basic necessity;animal protein;goat milk;socioeconomic constraint;grazing conditions;livestock species;marketing system;train activity;pricing policy;dry period;support policy;market development;breeding stock;rumen microbe;reproductive rates;genetic resource;annual rainfall;metropolitan area;warm season;seasonal differences;food crop;oil palm;pastoral society;grazing time;nutritive value;nomadic society;government land;urban job;plantation tree;tourist attraction;range vegetation;comparative advantage;animal agriculture;pastoral producer;cattle production;credit need;Population Density;feed resource;extreme drought;moisture conditions;annual precipitation;systems approach;computer model;draft power;environmental degradation;international donor;lending agency;commercial system;sociological factors;price policy;qualified professional;extension program;coastal area;landless peasant;export trade;cash reserve;potential demand;missing element;market economics;saline soil;socioeconomic research;crop land;genetic effects;rainfall pattern;tropical country;forest region;rainfall area;disease-free stock;summer months;early lactation;human population;primary product;agricultural professional;cattle herd;domestic meat;genetic merit;soil type;family home;ecological damage;interdisciplinary approach;irrigation pump;passenger conveyance;methane gas;pest control;livestock number;severe erosion;animal purchase;financial input;Capital Investments;credit assistance;migration pattern;grazing right;government service;smallholder production;nomadic system;vegetation growth;production conditions;loan scheme;dairy cattle;longer period;range area;nutritional value;young child;research station;severe drought;home base;existing schemes;administrative cost;dairy goat;fresh milk;export price;constant dollar;world consumption;credit scheme;livestock research;dairy sheep;feed grain;health problem;family consumption;breeding animal;grain production;export market;desert ranges;agricultural resource;social value;cash shortage;biological constraints;respiratory disease;commercial production;semi-arid area;goat population;multiple birth;highland areas;communal grazing;subsistence need;feeding behavior;reproductive cycle;genetic improvement;relative price;comparative economics;cultural aspects;interregional trade;drought conditions;labor requirement;survival rate;range land;animal number;cash crop;tropical area;sheep meat;important component;international agency;commercial market;household consumption;sheep population;world output;small fraction;world production;world food;arid rangelands;market infrastructure;meat supply;milk supply;national research;improvement strategy;research priority;Cash Income;individual value;National Institutions;agricultural productivity;cereal product;product demand;private bank;primary purpose;operational staff

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Citation

Winrock International

Sheep and goats in developing countries : their present and potential role (English). World Bank technical paper ; no. WTP 15 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/156211468764420473/Sheep-and-goats-in-developing-countries-their-present-and-potential-role