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Agribusiness in South Asia : Extended version of the industry case study done for : South Asia’s turn - Policies to boost competitiveness and create the next export powerhouse (English)

: Agribusiness (including agriculture) accounts for almost one third of South Asia’s GDP and has the potential to almost double over the next fifteen years (reaching 1.5 trillion US dollars by 2030). This increase will be driven by rapid growth in population, incomes and urbanization, as well as accelerated transformation of the sector towards higher value products and downstream activities. The highest growth will come from processed food and related services, such as food retail and restaurants which will create millions of productive jobs outside agriculture and positive backward linkages for farmers. Removing restrictions on trade, markets and prices would support this transformation; reforms in these areas are already showing promising effects. In addition, governments should continue to support smaller and poorer farmers, who may not benefit from this transformation. More targeted and pro-active support should be provided to raise productivity, rather than blanket subsidies and price controls that encourage the status quo and threaten the sustainability of the sector in the face of climate change (for example, large untargeted water subsidies).

Details

  • Author

    Chodavarapu,Soujanya Krishna, Hoglund Giertz,Asa Margareta G., Jaeger,Peter Martin Lind

  • Document Date

    2016/10/01

  • Report Number

    108828

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    South Asia,

  • Region

    South Asia,

  • Disclosure Date

    2016/10/06

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Extended version of the industry case study done for : South Asia’s turn - Policies to boost competitiveness and create the next export powerhouse

  • Keywords

    farmer;high value agricultural product;share of world trade;Technical Barriers to Trade;efficient use of resource;access to global market;Land and Water Resources;state bank of pakistan;small scale producer;small scale farmer;fruit and vegetable;higher value added;tariff import;tariff on import;export market share;private seed sector;access to finance;contract farming;term of productivity;loss of revenue;income from agriculture;application of safety;export processing zone;collecting market information;Agricultural Value Chain;department of agriculture;contract farming arrangement;improving food security;private sector perspective;domestic investment climate;intellectual property rights;national trade policy;open trade regime;proximity to market;investment in innovation;interruptions in supply;horticulture and livestock;public sector agency;vegetable and fruit;oil palm plantations;production of fertilizer;food processing industry;constraints to development;import of meat;restrictions on trade;long term investment;lack of collateral;commercial poultry production;cash transfer program;agribusiness sector;direct purchase;storage capacity;labor productivity;import duty;Trade Policies;agricultural market;food processor;private market;agricultural marketing;innovation input;market regulation;poor farming;extension service;logistical difficulties;market access;skewed distribution;Intra-regional Trade;perishable product;export ban;private investment;agriculture product;political climate;food safety;food product;subsidy scheme;plant breeding;food grain;food retail;Natural Resources;dairy product;income growth;poultry farm;import value;trading platform;agricultural good;downstream activities;downstream activity;bound tariff;external trade;cold storage;global food;farm input;development partner;vegetable oil;freight traffic;supply chain;import protection;raw material;innovation expenditure;cereal production;domestic consumer;consumption pattern;comparative advantage;production cost;export operation;domestic consumption;landlocked country;government revenue;fruit juice;government intervention;export trade;political risk;distorted market;agricultural activity;marketing cost;road infrastructure;marketing channel;monopolistic practice;market power;basic amenity;efficient infrastructure;commodity price;policy regime;rural transportation infrastructure;agricultural produce;grain market;financial measure;private initiative;commercial harvest;regulatory barrier;Advisory services;trading partner;quantitative restriction;quality service;nontariff measure;customs procedure;tariff rate;agricultural production;import control;infrastructure service;export restrictions;milk powder;primary reason;high tariff;planning commission;logistics industry;food storage;state ownership;preferential rate;lack of alternative;food distribution;market network;world food;freight transport;standard regulations;retail price;market area;local producer;sales tax;local poultry;ton kilometer;passenger transportation;field interviews;agribusiness industry;tariff structure;agriculture sector;tariff level;overseas markets;global chain;access market;market expectation;financing requirement;market opportunity;markets lack;wet market;hybrid seed;commercial seed;hybrid maize;enhancing access;boiled rice;international market;seed industry;commercial farmer;marginal farmer;Seed policies;seed company;risk perception;milled rice;quality seed;agronomic research;public good;public funding;plant material;research institute;poultry enterprise;middle class;public research;international company;marketing expertise;breakfast cereal;small sample;test marketing;Market Risk;pay taxes;distribution channel;hotel chain;high share;large business;smallholder access;safe food;environmental issue;mutual interest;Retail Sector;commercial linkages;global technology;sector classification;descriptive statistic;innovation output;input price;positive correlation;Inclusive Business;Postharvest Losses

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Citation

Chodavarapu,Soujanya Krishna Hoglund Giertz,Asa Margareta G. Jaeger,Peter Martin Lind

Agribusiness in South Asia : Extended version of the industry case study done for : South Asia’s turn - Policies to boost competitiveness and create the next export powerhouse (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/158351475753793089/Extended-version-of-the-industry-case-study-done-for-South-Asia-s-turn-Policies-to-boost-competitiveness-and-create-the-next-export-powerhouse