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Discrimination against sexual minorities in education and housing : evidence from two field experiments in Serbia (English)

Discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people is widespread and LGBTI exclusion from economic markets, vital services and political spaces is entrenched. This is not just a personal problem, it is a development challenge; not only because discrimination is inherently unjust, but also because "there are substantial costs—social, political, and economic—to not addressing the exclusion of entire groups of people." Understanding the barriers LGBTI people face in accessing markets, services, and spaces is important for designing more inclusive policies and programs.


  • Author

    Koehler,Dominik, Harley,Georgia, Menzies,Nicholas, Senderayi,Runyararo Gladys

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  • Document Type

    Working Paper

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  • Region

    Europe and Central Asia,

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  • Doc Name

    Discrimination against sexual minorities in education and housing : evidence from two field experiments in Serbia

  • Keywords

    Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity; Quality Education for All; telephone conversation; data collection method; public primary school; primary school education; rental housing market; barriers in access; Access to Education; same-sex couple; mystery shopper; legislation and regulation; public awareness campaign; accumulation of income; law and regulation; girl or woman; victims of violence; informal safety net; stages of life; welfare of citizens; accumulation of assets; health care service; safe learning environment; high unemployment rate; knowledge and learning; supportive school environment; education and health; labor market study; grounds of race; treatment group; natural conditions; school authority; experimental study; quantitative data; school administrator; sampling frame; apartment rental; rental market; qualitative data; quantitative measure; mystery shopping; field experiment; school staff; religious affiliations; inclusive policies; vital service; access market; finding employment; consumer market; research initiative; school achievement; independent variable; raise awareness; random selection; gender bias; economic market; academic performance; comparable data; discrimination law; rural area; political space; smaller number; married couple; regular income; research topic; negative reaction; extended family; future study; parking space; gay man; cable television; sex characteristics; young couple; sexual minorities; banking facilities; internet connection; early age; experimental design; family health; family ties; family life; social inclusion; sustainable solution; private service; differential treatment; vulnerable population; experimental method; gay people; fundamental right; institutional framework; policy perspective; systematic training; research outcome; Social Welfare; general population; public health; Basic Education; civil right; public space; homeless population; human settlement; eligible school; physical violence; public engagement; potential barrier; employment discrimination; implementing policy; school year; learning problem; academic achievement; negative effect; poor infrastructure; urban municipality; socio-economic development; small cities; lesbian woman; small municipality; average ratings; development partner; correlation coefficient; private housing; grievance mechanism; outcome evaluation; Higher Education; Alcohol Consumption; attempted suicide; high dropout; multifaceted nature; quality employment; oecd countries



Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)


Koehler,Dominik Harley,Georgia Menzies,Nicholas Senderayi,Runyararo Gladys

Discrimination against sexual minorities in education and housing : evidence from two field experiments in Serbia (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.