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Monitoring COVID-19 Impact on Refugees in Ethiopia : Results from a High-Frequency Phone Survey of Refugees (English)

The COVID-19 pandemic and its economic and social effects have created an urgent need for timely data to help monitor and mitigate the social and economic impact of the crisis and protect the welfare of the least well-off in Ethiopian society. To monitor how the COVID-19 pandemic is affecting Ethiopia’s economy and people and to inform interventions and policy responses, the World Bank designed and conducted a series of High-Frequency Phone Surveys of households, firms and refugees. To prevent the spread of COVID-19 and to ensure that measures to slow it such as mobility restrictions and market closures are effective, it is essential that people are aware of the need to change their behaviors. Virtually every refugee household (99.1 percent) had heard about the coronavirus or COVID-19. The respondents reported being well-informed about how to prevent contracting the virus and actions to reduce its spread. Almost everyone knew about handwashing, avoiding handshakes, using face masks, avoiding crowds, etc. Yet, there are some differences across refugee groups in adopting behaviors to curb the spread of the virus. About 87 percent of refugee respondents indicated to have washed their hands with soap or sanitizer all the time and an additional 11 percent indicated to have washed their hands most of the time. Yet, Somali refugees seem to be lagging in this behavior with only 85 percent of respondents indicating that they adhere to handwashing with soap or sanitizer all or most of the time. Similarly, this self-reporting suggests wearing face masks all or most of the time is practiced less frequently among Somali refugees compared to Eritrean refugees and those refugees living in Addis Ababa.


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    Wieser,Christina, Dampha,Nfamara K, Ambel,Alemayehu A., Tsegay,Asmelash Haile, Mugera,Harriet Kasidi, Tanner,Jeffery

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    Africa East,

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    Monitoring COVID-19 Impact on Refugees in Ethiopia : Results from a High-Frequency Phone Survey of Refugees

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    school-age child; wash hands with soap; total number of death; refugee household; source income; source of income; distance learning activity; Gender-Based Violence; risk of infection; households with income; reduction of income; access to school; private sector worker; human capital accumulation; public health crisis; children attending schools; access to asset; primary school level; access to learning; primary school child; education for refugee; safety of vaccine; access to food; loss of income; exposure to risk; refugee child; refugee population; school closure; national population; household income; coping strategy; international community; national household; income loss; income source; wage employment; job loss; free food; income family; household finance; food staple; phone penetration; social impact; educational activities; forced displacement; mitigation measure; employment dynamic; upper bind; ordinary circumstance; vulnerable household; long-term impact; edible oil; food price; registered refugees; rural area; external assistance; health campaign; high share; Work Transfer; total consumption; Cash Transfer; national survey; income reduction; hygiene purposes; negative effect; labor income; cash assistance; medical attention; living cost; refugee camp; asylum seeker; casual work; employment situation; informal sector; education gap; secondary level; in school; early marriage; social effect; market closure; socioeconomic impact; phone number; aviation industry; social cohesion; population group; pandemic start; vulnerable population; containment policy; socioeconomic data



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Wieser,Christina Dampha,Nfamara K Ambel,Alemayehu A. Tsegay,Asmelash Haile Mugera,Harriet Kasidi Tanner,Jeffery

Monitoring COVID-19 Impact on Refugees in Ethiopia : Results from a High-Frequency Phone Survey of Refugees (English). Monitoring COVID-19 Impact on Refugees in Ethiopia Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.