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Renewable Energy Development in China : A 40-Year China-World Bank Partnership (English)

China’s remarkable economic growth required dramatic growth of energy consumption and continuous changes in the nation’s energy economy. The World Bank supported the efforts of the Chinese government to develop and revitalize the country’s energy sector to meet the daunting challenges it faced while continuously warning that the unrestrained reliance on coal will lead to unsustainable stress on the local and global environment. This paper focuses on the more than 40-year partnership with the World Bank along China’s long journey to develop a large-scale, efficient, and competitive renewable energy (RE) industry in the country and globally. The remarkable development of RE in China was primarily guided by the multiple Chinese authorities at the national, provincial, and county levels, implemented by the many public and private companies, and fueled by local financing institutions. The paper is structured along the four stages of RE development in China. It highlights the key milestones of this partnership, its achievements, and challenges, detailing World Bank support and main activities that contributed to China’s rise from a lagger to a leader.


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    De Gouvello,Christophe, Song,Yanqin

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    East Asia and Pacific,

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    Renewable Energy Development in China : A 40-Year China-World Bank Partnership

  • Keywords

    Leave Bank; German Agency for International Cooperation; capacity-building activity; installed capacity; Power Generation; total primary energy consumption; legal and regulatory framework; solar thermal power capacity; energy research institute; municipal solid waste incineration; small hydropower; power generation capacity; large hydropower; development of hydropower; open door policy; Access to Electricity; rural energy planning; power sector reform; international good practice; wind turbine design; law and regulation; technical assistance program; solar water heater; biomass power plant; waste to energy; Wind Power; development of site; development of methodology; use of resources; market in europe; implementation of policies; hydro power plant; emerging market economy; command and control; rural development strategy; renewable energy investment; renewable energy development; total electricity generation; clean energy supply; agriculture and forestry; photovoltaic power generation; rock fill dam; total electricity consumption; renewable energy generation; return on investment; global market share; wind power developer; mitigating climate change; rural energy need; small wind turbine; transfer of knowledge; hydropower station; rural population; rural area; international expert; Energy Sector; international standard; Solar Power; biogas; hydropower industry; power shortage; job training; loss reduction; first stage; remote area; energy system; construction management; carbon neutrality; civil works; manufacturing industry; agenda 21; pump storage; cleaner energy; recent years; quality improvement; market player; capacity growth; global environment; emerging technology; learning curve; market orientation; technical standard; domestic manufacturer; power system; power supply; technology improvement; capacity factor; energy mix; efficient stove; large-scale hydropower; advanced country; local pollution; fuel share; legal instrument; certification center; Programmatic Approach; biogas digester; construction method



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De Gouvello,Christophe Song,Yanqin

Renewable Energy Development in China : A 40-Year China-World Bank Partnership (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.