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An exposition of the new strategy, promoting peace and stability in the Middle East and North Africa : Promouvoir la paix et la stabilite pour le developpement au Moyen-Orient et de l’Afrique du Nord (French)

The Middle East and North Africa region is in turmoil. Syria, Iraq, Libya and Yemen are in civil war, causing untold damage to human lives and physical infrastructure. Fifteen million people have fled their homes, many to fragile or economically strapped countries such as Jordan, Lebanon, Djibouti and Tunisia, giving rise to the biggest refugee crisis since World War II. Palestinians are reeling from deadly attacks and blockades. With recruits from all over the world, radicalized terrorist groups and sectarian factions like Daesh are spreading violence around the globe, threatening some governments' ability to perform basic functions. Countries undergoing political transitions, such as Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco and Jordan, face periodic attacks and political unrest, leading them to address security concerns over inclusive growth. Even relatively peaceful oil exporters, such as Algeria, Iran and the GCC, are grappling with youth unemployment and poor-quality public services, the same problems that contributed to the Arab Spring, alongside low oil prices. Finally, the author will develop and monitor input indicators that are consistent with the theory of change associated with the new strategy. We will have indicators that show whether our interventions are helping to renew the social contract (the use of citizen engagement in projects is an example). Household surveys can tell us whether the welfare of refugees and host communities is improving. Preparedness indicators can be used to inform progress on the recovery and reconstruction pillar. And standard indicators such as the share of electricity production that is traded will be used for the regional integration pillar.


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    Working Paper

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    Middle East and North Africa,

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    Middle East and North Africa,

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    Promouvoir la paix et la stabilite pour le developpement au Moyen-Orient et de l’Afrique du Nord

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    european coal and steel community;financial management staff;female labor force participation rates;social contract;large numbers of refugees;quality of public service;investments in energy supply;accountability in service delivery;integrated urban water management;Damage and Needs Assessment;global public good;conflict and violence;Host Communities;number of refugees;quality of infrastructure;gdp growth rate;high unemployment rate;Water and Energy;Rule of Law;Civil War;citizen engagement;literacy and numeracy;Posttraumatic Stress Disorder;rates of unemployment;influx of refugees;inefficient water use;productivity of water;improved service delivery;energy market reform;gas and electricity;cycle of violence;governance and growth;quality public service;welfare of migrants;Transport and ICT;trade and investment;cessation of hostility;national health care;discrimination in school;access to microfinance;Governance and Accountability;water and electricity;theory of change;mental health conditions;operations and maintenance;kilometers of road;road and bridges;movement of refugees;corporate social responsibility;investment of capital;youth unemployment rate;secondary school student;lack of accountability;international water management;european economic community;energy efficiency standard;quality of education;regional trade agreement;regional integration issue;gastopower;regional cooperation;quality service;Job Creation;international community;reputational risk;social stability;refugee crisis;regional strategy;social media;recovery program;informal sector;inclusive growth;Financing plans;political movement;Cash Transfer;electricity production;common language;energy subsidies;teacher absenteeism;knowledge work;private finance;free health;registered school;Labor Market;extremist group;young people;private tutoring;electricity network;fiduciary framework;asylum application;public attitude;Health Service;political implication;irregular migration;risk profile;resettlement policy;Power Market;fight corruption;public official;infrastructure needs;humanitarian need;knowledge partnership;Fuel Subsidies;common feature;civil society;productive purposes;economic exclusion;citizen feedback;local partner;financing mechanism;aggregate employment;economic freedom;armed groups;interest component;political outcome;domestic price;knowledge product;Solar Power;public debate;political consensus;increased trade;electricity grid;Political Economy;international partners;investment cost;government expenditure;extreme poverty;financial relationship;fiduciary standard;low share;Violent Conflict;lagging region;electricity distribution;donor community;borrowing cost;employment opportunity;employment opportunities;labor mobility;Clean Energy;Migration Policies;social assistance;information barriers;standard for method;income poverty;security environment;regional market;gas market;middle class;conventional indicator;big data;real time;input indicator;household survey;water tariff;cumulative impact;household water;basic skill;trade integration;high tariff;citizen voice;test score;global financing;financial resource;Water Policy;political interference;military action;global coalition;Global Programs;security matter;cross-border trade;pool resource;common market;oil exporter;water resource;common problems;teaching material;social exclusion;arab countries;delivery program;water productivity;energy tariff;enrolment rate;socioeconomic status;water service;Water Services;security concern;private capital;fiscal burden;financial viability;political will;political support;labor regulation;market orientation;business sector;promoting competition;exclusionary practice;basic security;authoritarian rule;regional investment;muslim brotherhood;budgetary reasons;Public Services;market mechanism;petroleum product;regulatory environment;accountability institution;total employment;Sanitation Services;poor water;traffic bottleneck;math score;transfer cash;political unrest



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An exposition of the new strategy, promoting peace and stability in the Middle East and North Africa : Promouvoir la paix et la stabilite pour le developpement au Moyen-Orient et de l’Afrique du Nord (French). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.