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Rural poverty reduction in Northeast Brazil (Vol. 2) : An evaluation of Community Driven Development (CDD) (English)

From 1993-2005 the Rural Poverty Reduction Program (PCPR) has funded more than 50,000 community subprojects in almost 38,000 poor rural communities in the Northeast region of Brazil4. It has used the approach known as Community Driven Development (CDD), according to which the communities themselves request and administer financial resources and are responsible for the execution of subprojects. This CDD approach constitutes a radical change in relation to previous rural development programs in the Northeast, including those financed by the World Bank. The following chapters are organized as follows: chapter two analyses common problems encountered in evaluations of programs with a special emphasis on impact studies. It was written for a lay public with no special knowledge of evaluation methodologies. In this chapter, a classification of methodologies is developed and this classification is used to analyze the available literature on studies of the PCPR and to classify each result according to the methodology used. Chapter three evaluates the existing literature using the classification of methodologies developed in chapter two and summarizes those conclusions, which are based on appropriate methodologies. Chapter four reports the results of the impact study carried out in the States of Ceara, Piaui, and Rio Grande do Norte. In this chapter, the methodology used is presented in mathematical language, the data and the processing of data are also presented, and the results for infrastructure, health, and physical and social capital are discussed.


  • Author

    Coirolo, Luis Lammert, Jill Binswanger, Hans Amazonas, Fatima Barbosa, Tulio Costa, Alberto Menezes, Naercio Pazello, Elaine Romano, Claudia

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    Working Paper

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    Latin America & Caribbean,

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    An evaluation of Community Driven Development (CDD)

  • Keywords

    Fund for Community Development;monitoring and evaluation system;water supply and sanitation;water resource development;treatment group;access to water;living in poverty;poor rural community;follow up survey;propensity score matching;incidence of disease;sample selection;learning by doing;public opinion polling;terms of education;difference in income;early warning system;data collection effort;Access to Electricity;number of beneficiaries;quality of house;standard of living;water supply system;professional service;national household survey;annual operational plan;technical assistance provider;quality of supervision;Water Resource Management;community development program;data collection method;accumulation of assets;relations between communities;amounts of information;net present value;rates of return;effect on health;case of health;quality of education;improvements in health;fixed effect method;evaluation study;unobserved variable;random selection;municipal council;baseline survey;Infant Mortality;treatment effect;income gain;research study;baseline study;gold standard;baseline data;community association;project execution;household level;financial account;income growth;positive impact;institutional mechanism;field visits;expert opinion;community level;community demand;rural family;community participation;study including;rural population;indigenous population;household asset;evaluation method;loan amounting;expenditure reporting;collected data;health effect;selection bias;survey data;random survey;random sample;impact analysis;project impact;procurement procedure;direct expenditure;project quality;interesting case;Rural Poor;regression analysis;geographic distribution;individual study;political party;political parties;subproject implementation;management tool;human brain;geographical coverage;study design;political interference;process use;productive activity;foregone income;beneficiary association;beneficiary population;asset growth;sample units;sick people;survey period;radical change;evaluation period;beneficiary family;positive return;present study;scientific methodology;common problems;evaluation methodologies;financial resource;local elite;political sphere;local development;international market;public policy;federal level;Impact assessments;civil participation;construction material;social control;housing condition;intestinal parasite;subsidiary right;gender issue;sample design;proper name;capital income;family benefit;participatory form;social impact;financial asset;land reform;remedial action;competitive selection;community asset;social relation;aggregate result;logistic regression;financial analysis;demographic characteristic;fetching water;winning bid;electrical appliance;agricultural equipment;applicable law;comparable data;consumption datum;observable variable;small farmer;debt datum;net worth;health condition;



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Coirolo, Luis Lammert, Jill Binswanger, Hans Amazonas, Fatima Barbosa, Tulio Costa, Alberto Menezes, Naercio Pazello, Elaine Romano, Claudia

Rural poverty reduction in Northeast Brazil (Vol. 2) : An evaluation of Community Driven Development (CDD) (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.