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Leveraging Economic Migration for Development : A Briefing for the World Bank Board (English)

This paper responds to a request from the World Bank’s Executive Directors for an update in the area of economic or voluntary migration since the previous Board discussion of the topic on August 25, 2016 (World Bank 2016a). This paper has four objectives: to provide an update on data, drivers, and impacts (section two); to briefly discuss the changes in international governance, including the adoption of the Global Compact on Migration (section three); to describe pertinent World Bank Group activities during FY2017-19 (section four); and to suggest future areas of activity (section five). Activities on forced displacement are considered separately and are summarized in World Bank (2017a). While this update focuses on economic or voluntary migration, future updates will consider integrating the differing aspects of forced displacement and migration. Notable changes since the 2016 Board paper include the following: First, the number of international migrants has continued to rise, though at a slower pace than the number of refugees. Second, recent analytical evidence on the effects of migration on host communities appears to be more positive than before, even as public perceptions of immigrants remain sharply negative in many high-income OECD countries. Third, a Global Compact on Migration and a separate Global Compact on Refugees have been adopted, and a UN Network on Migration has been established to support implementation of the first. Fourth, within the World Bank Group, the International Development Association’s Eighteenth Replenishment (IDA18) includes a commitment to include migration in systematic country diagnostics performed in countries where migration or remittances are significant. As a result, the number of diagnostics mentioning migration and remittances has grown. The treatment of migration in IDA19 is even more prominent than in IDA18. Fifth, the Bank Group’s Regions and Global Practices have continued to produce advisory and analytical work on migration and remittances, resulting in seven lending operations. Finally, the Migration and Remittances Team moved in July 2017 from Development Economics to the Social Protection and Jobs (SPJ) Global Practice to bring migration into the Bank Group’s structure of global practices.


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    Leveraging Economic Migration for Development : A Briefing for the World Bank Board

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    portability of social security entitlements; number of international migrants; impact of climate change; demand for health care; Violations of Human Rights; human rights of child; small and medium size enterprise; mitigation of climate change; legal channels for migration; conflict and violence; average cost of remittance; human rights of migrant; effect of climate change; copy editor; Migration and Remittances; destination country; social security system; country of origin; number of refugees; benefits of migration; full trade liberalization; gross domestic product; cost of migration; trend in migration; cost of care; future of work; lack of education; detention of child; effects of migration; country of asylum; data on migrants; Poverty & Inequality; Internally Displaced Person; entry of women; country of residence; employment of woman; labor market need; movement of migrant; freedom of movement; foreign direct investment; violation of law; Social Safety Nets; social protection program; change in policies; benefits for migrants; share of woman; victims of trafficking; greenhouse gas emission; health care personnel; increase in income; Access to Education; transfer of skill; pattern of conflict; sovereignty of states; delivery of health; private capital flow; round of consultations; flow of refugees; children of migrants; number of immigrants; public opinion poll; amount of remittance; labor market outcome; rising sea levels; social protection system; extreme climate events; protection of migrants; cost for migrant; volume of remittance; impact of migration; multilateral development bank; area of migration; division of labor; migrant worker; forced displacement; economic migrant; income gap; Learning and Innovation Credit; labor mobility; transit migration; economic migration; asylum seeker; undocumented migrant; public perception; receiving countries; remittance cost; young person; Host Communities; voluntary migration; working-age population; child migrant; pull factor; push factor; international governance; migration flow; fiscal pressure; tax base; remittance flow; financing program; habitual residence; young people; Financing programmes; transit route; return migrant; male migrant; dependency ratio; anecdotal evidence; global population; migration decision; diaspora network; marriage opportunity; transit country; eliminating restrictions; social exclusion; internal migration; migration pressure; global knowledge; natural disaster; global partnership; vulnerable migrant; leverage remittance; partnership framework; skilled migrant; skilled migrant worker; irregular migrant; excessive precipitation; border crossing; foreign labor; private investment; domestic labor; vulnerable people; mutual recognition; skill development; international level; migration cycle; immigration levels; fragile region; south-north migration; ethnic divide; Demographic Transition; positive impact; immigration rate; small island; migrant inflow; brain trust; demographic trend; international cooperation; elderly population; Migration Policies; global compact; education outcome; temperature anomaly; life expectancy; cognitive disability; fertility rate; regional risk; cultural identities; financial cost; human mobility; residency permit; asylum applicant; national boundary; unauthorized immigrants; total immigrants; irregular migration; short distance; skilled migration; migrant child; total migrants; skill composition; foreign country; income category; migrant destinations; domestic help; employment rate; potential migrant; domestic worker; home countries; migration pattern; home country; routine tasks; transit migrant; border control; public resource; low-skilled worker; undocumented migration; civil society; wage gap; regional context; migration challenges; program evaluation; operational work; financial service; retirement decision; migration issues; global effort; unskilled worker; Young Workers; migration regime; international community



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Leveraging Economic Migration for Development : A Briefing for the World Bank Board (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.