Skip to Main Navigation

What's holding back the private sector in MENA lessons from the enterprise survey (English)

The formal private sector in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) economies needs to play a critical role for the overall economic transformation of the region. Creating a conducive environment for private sector development depends on a sound understanding of the performance of private firms, as well as the problems they face. The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), the European Investment Bank (EIB) and the World Bank (WB), have collaborated on a joint report – "What's Holding Back the Private Sector in MENA? Lessons from the Enterprise Survey". The report addresses four issues that are at the heart of private sector development in the MENA region: the general business environment; firm finance and financial constraints; employment in the private sector; and competitiveness, with a focus on trade, innovation and management practices. It provides an in depth analysis of these issues and discusses the policy responses that are needed. The report is based on the results of the MENA Enterprise Survey which was designed and financed jointly by the EBRD, the EIB and the WB, to gain a better understanding of factors affecting firms' behavior, firm dynamics and growth prospects. The survey covers some 6,000 firms in eight economies in the region and is a unique and rich source of information, now at the disposal of economists, the business community and policy makers.

Details

  • Author

    de Lima, Pedro, Revoltella, Debora, Rodriguez Meza,Jorge Luis, Schweiger,Helena

  • Document Date

    2016/07/20

  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number

    107174

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Middle East and North Africa,

  • Region

    Middle East and North Africa,

  • Disclosure Date

    2016/07/29

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    What's holding back the private sector in MENA? lessons from the enterprise survey

  • Keywords

    small and medium size enterprise;efficient use of energy;Southern and Eastern;improving access to finance;customs and trade regulations;business environment;total factor productivity;barrier to competition;labor productivity;employment of woman;Private Sector Growth;machinery and equipment;lack of integration;introducing new products;public sector job;concerns about corruption;formal financial sector;access to knowledge;informal sector activity;private sector demand;world development indicator;law and regulation;term of productivity;informal economic activity;return to innovation;financing development;acquisition of knowledge;secured transactions law;types of firms;credit guarantee scheme;lack of incentive;structure of employment;innovation and growth;cost of labor;imperfectly competitive market;lack of competition;formal financial system;increase in labor;comments and feedback;share of woman;women in management;total wage bill;reallocation of resource;form of innovation;firm productivity;political instability;banking sector;Informal Economy;firm performance;International Trade;young people;high wage;factor share;Labor Market;employment growth;firm size;youth employment;high capital;middle-income economy;productivity level;exporting firms;foreign technology;macroeconomic data;Job Creation;living standard;technological innovation;survey data;geographic region;vested interests;Job Quality;healthcare services;inclusive growth;skill shortage;social opportunities;manufacturing sector;movable asset;representative sample;regional location;random sampling;state intervention;public authority;supply chain;economic model;productivity growth;human capital;capital remuneration;unintended consequence;production strategies;firm owner;comparative analysis;input cost;exclusion criteria;high energy;aggregate productivity;political stability;capital factor;Industrial Policy;labor-intensive sectors;energy subsidies;Real estate;fund account;sample design;rising unemployment;business survey;international market;capital-intensive sector;living condition;good governance;economic migration;global financial;market entrant;Retail Sector;external financing;local condition;innovation activity;workforce skill;marketing method;work environment;state capture;state ownership;survey respondent;business cycle;peer support;input use;capital-intensive production;education systems;liquidity management;learning skill;difficult environment;Vocational Training;national account;employment creation;economic research;capacity constraint;foreign exchange;employment potential;trade deficit;Social Protection;banking system;household good;loan application;Financial Stability;smaller share;risk assessment;workplace skill;shadow economy;export sector;component part;petty corruption;power supply;social tension;critical infrastructure;firm entry;market force;positive relationship;interest group;firm survey;adverse consequence;large bank;bank lending;Energy Sector;private economy;factor market;greater access;retail trade;labor resource;firm exit;energy intensities;transition matrix;Industrial Policies;financial service;firm-level innovation;specific issue;employment dynamic;energy cost;vehicle repair;branch density;productivity differential;credit constraint;high tariff;firm dynamic;market friction;production function;Equity Finance;trained worker;formal financing;External Finance;life expectancy;collateral requirement;financing option;internal fund;institutional framework;firm growth;electricity access;similar way;significant loss;energy intensity;present evidence;survey design;production process;security situation;complementary input;budget constraint;labor input;raw material;annual sale;replacement value;natural logarithm;firm-level survey;capital-intensive industries;efficient system;production technique;corporate market;firm level;

Downloads

COMPLETE REPORT

Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)

  • Official PDF
  • TXT*
  • Total Downloads** :
  • Download Stats
  • *The text version is uncorrected OCR text and is included solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.

Citation

de Lima, Pedro Revoltella, Debora Rodriguez Meza,Jorge Luis Schweiger,Helena

What's holding back the private sector in MENA lessons from the enterprise survey (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/170531469775655994/Whats-holding-back-the-private-sector-in-MENA-lessons-from-the-enterprise-survey