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What's holding back the private sector in MENA lessons from the enterprise survey (English)

The formal private sector in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) economies needs to play a critical role for the overall economic transformation of the region. Creating a conducive environment for private sector development depends on a sound understanding of the performance of private firms, as well as the problems they face. The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), the European Investment Bank (EIB) and the World Bank (WB), have collaborated on a joint report – "What's Holding Back the Private Sector in MENA? Lessons from the Enterprise Survey". The report addresses four issues that are at the heart of private sector development in the MENA region: the general business environment; firm finance and financial constraints; employment in the private sector; and competitiveness, with a focus on trade, innovation and management practices. It provides an in depth analysis of these issues and discusses the policy responses that are needed. The report is based on the results of the MENA Enterprise Survey which was designed and financed jointly by the EBRD, the EIB and the WB, to gain a better understanding of factors affecting firms' behavior, firm dynamics and growth prospects. The survey covers some 6,000 firms in eight economies in the region and is a unique and rich source of information, now at the disposal of economists, the business community and policy makers.


  • Author

    de Lima, Pedro, Revoltella, Debora, Rodriguez Meza,Jorge Luis, Schweiger,Helena

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    Working Paper

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    Middle East and North Africa,

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    Middle East and North Africa,

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  • Doc Name

    What's holding back the private sector in MENA? lessons from the enterprise survey

  • Keywords

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de Lima, Pedro Revoltella, Debora Rodriguez Meza,Jorge Luis Schweiger,Helena

What's holding back the private sector in MENA lessons from the enterprise survey (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.