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Does Maternal Depression Undermine Childhood Cognitive Development Evidence from the Young Lives Survey in Peru (English)

This paper studies the effect of maternal depression on early childhood cognition in Peru. The identification strategy exploits variation in exposure to exogenous shocks during early life to instrument for maternal depression. The results suggest that maternal depression is detrimental to the child's vocabulary at age five. Although the effects fade out by age eight, early vocabulary gaps can undermine other development outcomes. The effects do not vary by maternal education, but they are significant only for children living in disadvantaged households. The presence of a partner worsens the effect of maternal depression on vocabulary development, and this effect is driven by households with partners who drink heavily.

Details

  • Author

    Bendini,Maria Magdalena, Dinarte Diaz,Lelys Ileana

  • Document Date

    2020/11/24

  • Document Type

    Policy Research Working Paper

  • Report Number

    WPS9479

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Peru,

  • Region

    Latin America & Caribbean,

  • Disclosure Date

    2020/11/24

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Does Maternal Depression Undermine Childhood Cognitive Development? Evidence from the Young Lives Survey in Peru

  • Keywords

    maternal depression; Mental health; form of violence against woman; complete primary school; consumption of durable good; Ministerio de Salud; school-age child; Exposure to External Shocks; source of drinking water; mental health issues; cognitive development; mental health problem; impact on child; standard deviation; loss of crop; intimate partner violence; child cognitive development; human capital accumulation; average treatment effect; labor market outcome; mother and child; parameter of interest; children's nutritional status; availability of data; formal education opportunities; mental health status; panel data model; Early childhood education; economics of education; increase poverty; maternal and child; longitudinal household survey; lack of resource; common mental disorder; effects of poverty; heavy alcohol drinkers; Posttraumatic Stress Disorder; households with child; estimation of equation; post-traumatic stress disorder; early childhood stimulation; quality of care; affected households; early child development; opportunity for child; availability of resource; Population and Health; identification of woman; number of assets; effects of exposure; social assistance program; development research group; principal component analysis; public health challenge; household wealth; maternal education; negative effect; vocabulary development; postnatal depression; livestock loss; exogenous shock; household characteristic; cognitive outcome; poor household; cognitive ability; cognitive skill; test score; child psychology; intergenerational transmission; wealth index

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Citation

Bendini,Maria Magdalena Dinarte Diaz,Lelys Ileana

Does Maternal Depression Undermine Childhood Cognitive Development Evidence from the Young Lives Survey in Peru (English). Policy Research working paper,no. WPS 9479 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/177701606225588260/Does-Maternal-Depression-Undermine-Childhood-Cognitive-Development-Evidence-from-the-Young-Lives-Survey-in-Peru