Skip to Main Navigation

Towards a Transit Oriented Development Approach for Belgrade (English)

The purpose of this report is to explore opportunities to better integrate land use and public transit planning in Belgrade. Specifically, the aim is to develop an approach toward Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) for Belgrade building off the city’s recently approved Transport Master Plan (2017). The Transport Master Plan, which is to be implemented over the next 16 years (through2033), includes all modes of transport: automobiles, public buses, trams, metro, and commuterrail service (known as BG Voz). The required total investment is estimated to be over 400 millioneuros excluding the metro project. Thus, implementation will require large sums of money for bothcapital and operational expenses, while the city has limited financing resources. Given the fiscalconstraints, it would be prudent for Belgrade city authorities to explore self-financing projectschemes for urban transit and land development, incorporating land value capture (LVC). Thisreport evaluates the Transport Master Plan together with other available data to find ways to realize TOD and LVC in Belgrade, including identifying current gaps in knowledge towards such a goal. There are several large-scale, long-term urban development projects envisaged for Belgrade such as development of the Makis Polje area and Waterfront Railway Yard Conversion Project and theWaterfront. The Transport Master Plan considers these developments as a given. The projected future populations in these sites serve as the base to model future traffic demand, and to evaluate the proposed transport investment projects. The Transport Master Plan recognizes the need for detailed planning and economic verification of these urban development schemes.


  • Author

    Nishimaki,Hiroshi, Levine,Daniel, Okazawa,Yuko

  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country


  • Region

    Europe and Central Asia,

  • Disclosure Date


  • Disclosure Status


  • Doc Name

    Towards a Transit Oriented Development Approach for Belgrade

  • Keywords

    European Bank for Reconstruction and Development; land development; volume to capacity ratio; car ownership growth; transport and urban development; average speed of bus; level of car ownership; senate bill; large number of passenger; profit from land development; Public Transit; Public Transport; land use regulation; mode of transport; land development company; high population density; laws and regulation; real estate development; public transport share; land use plan; public transport planning; public transport mode; public transit planning; public transportation mode; total fertility rate; commuter rail service; gap in knowledge; sum of money; senior operations; financing transit; urban master plan; affordability of fare; master transportation plan; provision of good; public transport manager; potential tax revenue; single ticket price; net present value; land use planning; acquisition of land; number of passengers; rail transit station; sale of land; initial capital investment; social service cost; roads and highway; public transport policy; public transit service; public transport provision; lack of investment; urban bus service; Transit Oriented Development; Property tax; positive feedback; transport service; Public Infrastructure; commercial opportunities; public bus; knowledge gap; land plot; commercial building; commercial development; automobile traffic; road traffic; trip mode; initial investment; trolley bus; suburban rail; information gap; performance level; traffic demand; residential development; gradual decline; transit operation; traffic situation; Parking Lot; betterment charge; Urban Planning; air rights; transit corridor; transit agency; suburban railway; detailed planning; city government; railway track; residential area; Urban Transit; railway network; satellite image; judicial review; social cost; local traffic; rolling stock; railway yard; population distribution; Population Projection; policy option; Social Welfare; city policy; population trend; road serviceability; noncommercial purposes; access road; dual mode; Cash flow; bicycle lane; limited resources; bicycle network; future traffic; bicycle use; flat terrain; cross traffic; future population; investment profile; driving experience; bus terminal; Social Conflict; convenient access; tourism potential; historical district; vehicle access; railway system; subsidiary right; credible commitment; investment opportunities; property owner; transport specialist; parking fee; special assessment; fiscal constraint; residential building; market place; financing resource; simulation result; risk sharing; operational expense; financial problem; initial funding; waiting time; city council; city official; transit investment; public company; urban structure; fair return; land parcel; urban density; building permit; regulatory change; environmental leadership; property value; energy specialist; legal framework; business model; private property; land rent; transport agency; private investor; municipal tax; tram line; downtown area; vehicle trip; bus line; operational aspect; congestion tax; land holding; consensus basis; clear definition; feeder service; automobile access; rail track; residential location; passenger traffic; Population Change; real gdp; feeder line; city authority; building regulation; Commuting Services; automobile ownership; municipal regulation; long-term contract; property development; annual payment; legal provision; legal basis; agency model; protection zone; management capacity; transport operation; capital spending; transport investment; commercial land; fee revenue; financial account; commercial activity; financial strength; subway system; pioneering work; short distance; private company; capital expenditure; urban service; floor area; aging population; tax level; city population; age population; bond issuance; land transaction; financial instrument; operational indicator; passenger demand; fiscal deficit



Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)

  • Official PDF
  • TXT*
  • Total Downloads** :
  • Download Stats
  • *The text version is uncorrected OCR text and is included solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.


Nishimaki,Hiroshi Levine,Daniel Okazawa,Yuko

Towards a Transit Oriented Development Approach for Belgrade (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.