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The World Bank research observer 4 (2) (English)

The debt crisis: where do we stand after seven years? Commodity export booms in developing countries. Changes in poverty and inequality in developing countries. Female labor force participation: an international perspective. The Multifibre Arrangement and its effect on developing countries.

Details

  • Author

    Carmichael, Jeffrey Cuddington, John Fields, Gary S. Psacharopoulos, George Tzannatos, Zafiris Goto, Junichi

  • Document Date

    1989/07/31

  • Document Type

    Publication

  • Report Number

    17502

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Kenya,

    Jamaica,

    Nigeria,

    Cameroon,

    Colombia,

  • Region

    Africa, Latin America & Caribbean,

  • Disclosure Date

    2003/01/03

  • Doc Name

    The World Bank research observer 4 (2)

  • Keywords

    debtor country;access to international capital markets;debt forgiveness;female labor force participation;burden of debt service;debt service to export;marginal cost of debt;real exchange rate depreciation;debt relief;commercial bank;secondary market;highly indebted country;debt crisis;debt problem;industrial country;foreign bank account;multilateral debt facility;ratio of debt;commercial bank debt;structural adjustment policies;types of debt;source capital;secondary market price;risk of default;market interest rate;foreign direct investment;interest rate reductions;loan loss provision;negotiations between debtor;real interest rate;benefit of creditor;growth and development;exchange rate policy;domestic financial market;gross national product;reforming tax systems;Exchange rate policies;Public Sector Enterprises;liberalization of market;sovereign debt restructuring;legal and accounting;national credit agency;Foreign Exchange Reserve;international economic environment;heavily indebted country;cost to taxpayers;allocation of resource;loss to creditor;terms of trade;foreign commercial bank;international debt problem;world financial market;probability of repayment;sale of asset;domestic policies;debt level;debt-equity swap;present value;debt swap;Financial Stability;foreign reserve;public money;debt situation;debt burden;outstanding debt;free-rider problem;capital flight;incentive effect;concessionary term;public fund;foreign creditor;resource cost;flight capital;component part;average price;remaining debt;aggregate investment;market transaction;domestic equity;commodity price;export volume;multilateral institution;large debtor;creditor bank;existing debt;market force;world trade;commodity export;total debt;financial instrument;voluntary scheme;multilateral agency;implicit tax;market instrument;interest obligation;loan condition;remedial action;debt rise;credit enhancement;partial guarantee;full repayment;horizontal axis;current consumption;international community;debt repudiation;political support;interesting case;significant threat;great power;guarantee program;market impediments;creditor country;secondary-market price;service agency;economic research;commercial lending;financial scheme;creditors' interest;existing creditor;foreign asset;preferred stock;price structure;foreign currency;trade account;government intervention;marginal value;public resource;reasonable assumption;real output;maturity risk;reserve use;opportunity cost;financial instability;editorial comments;export industry;negative effect;uniform rule;moral hazard;uniform pricing;financial difficulties;existing contract;legal code;legal problems;future debt;development policy;demand reduction;bank syndicate;reduce trade;Debt Policy;trade flow;macroeconomic level;liberalizing trade;government subsidy;smaller group;trade relief;economic reform;increased investment;debt negotiation;short period;fiscal restraint;accounting rule;political stability;effective tax;external balance;severe recession;tax revenue;debt renegotiation;Exchange Rates;tax incentive;fiscal contraction;domestic currencies;domestic debt;budget deficit;fixed rate;fixed period;insurance market;direct purchase;economic stagnancy;financial flow;lower-income group;indexed loan;long-maturity debt;foreign-currency debt;Donor countries;debt subordination;interest capitalization;steep decline;grace period;goods market;interest cost;existing resources;debt position;sound management;future investment;general agreement;noncommercial purposes;Research Support;substitution effect;minimal impact;cooperative solution;debt buyback;political consideration;

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Citation

Carmichael, Jeffrey Cuddington, John Fields, Gary S. Psacharopoulos, George Tzannatos, Zafiris Goto, Junichi

The World Bank research observer 4 (2) (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/183171468771851674/The-World-Bank-research-observer-4-2