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Safety and security at the edges of the state : local regulation in Papua New Guinea’s urban settlements (English)

Cities are key to reducing poverty and promoting shared prosperity in Papua New Guinea (PNG). Cities generally are sites for cultivating and fostering the accumulation of multiple forms of capital. In urban areas, these different kinds of capital can bring economic, social, and political benefits to national development. Nurturing all of these forms of capital and turning them into development outcomes require security and regulation. The social and economic regulation of informal urban settlements in PNG needs to be expressed territorially and spatially in residential neighborhoods, public spaces and amenities, and transport nodes and routes. Regulatory failure, on the other hand, can lead to communal disputes and escalating violence at all levels that pervert and destroy capital and threaten national stability. This report will describe, the chief institutions of local regulation that have taken distinctive forms: local committees and flexibly institutionalized leadership roles, all enacted through mediation and the spatial regulation of settlements and markets. This report focuses on the everyday institutional arrangements that regulate the safety and security of PNG’s urban settlements in relation to people and places where the reach of formal authorities is limited, dysfunctional, and or lacks legitimacy.


  • Author

    Craig,David, Porter,Doug

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  • Country

    Papua New Guinea,

  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

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  • Doc Name

    Safety and security at the edges of the state : local regulation in Papua New Guinea’s urban settlements

  • Keywords

    local regulation; urban settlement; Justice for the Poor; ethnic group; urban development; regulation of settlements; regulatory capability; Political Economy; functional capability; Liquid Natural Gas; informal sector worker; sites and services; approach to security; Law and Justice; declining birth rate; land rental fee; urban development planning; violent crime; rural population growth; rate of crime; local government agency; international labor mobility; opportunities for youth; equitable justice system; crime and violence; resolution of conflicts; access to justice; economies of scale; urban youth employment; infrastructure and services; rite of passage; state land; urbanization; residential area; informal settlement; Urban Governance; city authority; urban population; rural area; regulatory function; Urban Transit; urban future; Urban Violence; hot spot; political capital; political tool; urban resident; urban setting; social order; urban dweller; public authority; migrant group; human capital; public order; urban market; customary land; settlement study; local settlement; livable city; Sexual Assault; commercial activity; livability city; regulatory arrangement; population increase; urban growth; young people; political representation; regulatory failure; administrative function; urban woman; indigenous institution; private security; public servant; urban leaders; ethnic conflict; rural community; population area; human rights; government service; melting pot; public resource; state capacity; ethnic heterogeneity; Extractive Industry; rural village; colonial times; severely limits; contemporary life; capital accumulation; unequal outcome; great power; power relation; local mechanisms; regulatory process; bargaining process; local committees; Demographic Transition; Death rates; primary focus; mobile populations; Rural Growth; quality regulation; high crime; small area; social life; census data; justice services; public space; barbed wire; colonial administration; municipal delivery; ethnic diversity; national life; urban boundary; municipal administration; short period; local regulators; public safety; political authority; municipal authority; state authority; settlement population; institutional form; cultural transformation; social safeguard; predatory behavior; subnational governance; breeding ground; urban one; diverse people; urbanization process; economic interdependence; family living; community investment; ethnic line; household property; property crime; homicide rate; crime problem; informal housing; urban context; regulatory form; informal agreement; urban fringe; squatter settlement; basic security; urban crisis; common cause; economic security; legal representation; market vendor; social grouping; police agency; international research; social disorder; cultural context; public roles; local leadership; local market; land access; leadership development; amnesty international; building code; legal practice; enabling environment; hierarchical structure; illicit drug; domestic arrangement; land transport; public building; noncommercial purposes; social issue; subsidiary right; informal employment; youth bulge; vacant land; rural place; social relation; social capital; demographic dividend; public health; land settlement; land parcel; illegal settlement; property ownership; urban concentration; indigenous population; resource rent; political structure; communal conflict; language identity; colonial period; political affair; urban age; political issue; gang rape; urban sprawl; lingua franca; urban territory; subnational authority; vertical linkage; future research; social context; customary law; population statistic; young men; urban developers; urban village; clear rules



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Craig,David Porter,Doug

Safety and security at the edges of the state : local regulation in Papua New Guinea’s urban settlements (English). Local Leadership, Regulation and Security in Papua New Guinea’s Urban Settlements Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.