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IDA in action 1996-1999 : improving aid effectiveness and reaching the poor - summary report (English)

The Eleventh replenishment period of International Development Association (IDA), from July 1, 1996, through June 30, 1999 (FY97-99) (IDA11) period was a time of transition and experimentation in trying to improve IDA'S effectiveness and deepen its impact in reducing poverty. It saw a renewed emphasis on pro-poor growth, reduction of inequalities, and human development-building on participatory initiatives and efforts to understand better the multiple dimensions of poverty. IDA11 also saw some exceptional challenges-the aftermath of conflict in some countries and continuing conflict in others, natural disasters and economic crises and the exploding AIDS epidemic-which have pushed back hard won gains in human development and poverty reduction in a number of countries. For many countries, the strong economic expansion of the 1990s brought faster growth, especially in South Asia and Africa, reinforced by the macroeconomic and structural policy reforms that IDA encouraged and supported. The financial crisis of 1997-99 had a less immediate or severe impact on the poorest countries than was first feared, but the international economic environment became more difficult. Most disturbingly, the absolute number of poor people remains very high over 1 billion in IDA countries-principally because of continuing high population growth, but also because the prime beneficiaries of growth have not always been the poor or the poorest. IDA has responded to the challenges in its client countries in the following ways: (i) the focus on poverty has sharpened with a better understanding of poverty and its interrelationships; (ii) the link is now stronger between IDA'S assistance and a recipient country's economic policies and efforts to reduce poverty; (iii) at the same time, IDA has been very responsive to the special needs of countries emerging from conflict and natural disasters; and (iv) the emphasis on participation and ownership is greater and has helped to bring women's needs and issues to the fore, especially in social sectors and agriculture.


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    Stephenson,L. Kathleen

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    The World Region,

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    IDA in action 1996-1999 : improving aid effectiveness and reaching the poor - summary report

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    opportunities for human;infant and child mortality;access to basic service;Information, Education and Communication;small and medium enterprise;Legal and Judicial Reform;environmental and social assessments;water supply and sanitation;responsibility for service delivery;Country Assistance Strategies;country assistance strategy;primary school enrollment;understanding of poverty;social sector spending;high population growth;international economic environment;acute respiratory infection;rural economic growth;effective export strategy;inequality of opportunity;education and health;reduction of inequality;support for investment;people in poverty;educational classroom use;source of funding;availability of resource;exchange rate difference;per capita term;primary school teacher;Decentralization and Community;literacy and numeracy;school sanitary facilities;public sector accountability;impact of conflict;distribution of textbook;international capital market;Civil Service Reform;Water Resource Management;living in poverty;poverty reduction mission;incidence of poverty;universal primary education;income poverty target;access to health;adequate safety net;economic growth rate;social sector investment;Natural Resource Management;debt relief;lending activities;natural disaster;investment lending;large borrower;girls' education;rural area;civil conflict;participatory approach;aid agency;adjustment lending;financial crisis;Programmatic Approach;local ngo;poverty work;raise awareness;significant challenge;Macroeconomic Policy;financial resource;civil society;public expenditure;institutional performance;international community;local capacity;social indicator;operational activity;geographical area;rural operation;enrollment rate;european commission;Gender Equality;strategic framework;investment credit;external source;cost financing;collaborative effort;budget allocation;large population;participatory study;focus group;good performance;multilateral creditor;debt service;enrollment increase;efficiency gain;classroom construction;Basic Education;Macroeconomic Stability;absolute poverty;donor resource;income transfer;investment income;female student;private flow;interest-free loan;donor community;broad consultation;agricultural activity;rural health;communication programs;war damage;Rural Poor;admission rate;Economic Management;pilot program;income disparity;inclusive growth;local ownership;drop-out rate;increasing share;writing material;debt burden;Poverty Analysis;allocation decision;Tax Administration;country risk;community water;fighting poverty;economic crisis;aids epidemic;economic expansion;regular investment;commodity price;investment dispute;investment opportunities;Social Protection;good policy;commercial risk;foreign investor;Armed Conflict;Disaster Management;multiple dimension;sector reports;outcome measure;sector work;Violent Conflict;poverty focus;trade links;educational outcome;environmental sustainability;finance agency;social integration;education indicator;good governance;lack of options;improving performance;Maternal Mortality;recipient countries;domestic support;local expert;community needs;institutional change;life expectancy;public health;gender difference;educational access;participatory activity;small country;lending level;governance criteria;microfinance program;blend country;health facility;tuberculosis control;Child care;competitive basis;successful innovation;previous work;gender analysis;Energy Sector;capital subscription;holistic approach;donor consultation;financial issue;donor collaboration;emergency reconstruction;voting power;non-governmental organization;donor support;extraordinary circumstances;Equity Finance;private investor;Government Performance;aid effectiveness;business venture;financing need;



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Stephenson,L. Kathleen

IDA in action 1996-1999 : improving aid effectiveness and reaching the poor - summary report (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.