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Moldova - Supplemental Project to the Rural Investment and Services Project : environmental assessment (English)

This environmental assessment for the Supplemental Project for the Rural investment and Services Project for Moldova details negative environmental impacts and measures to mitigate them. High standard phytosanitary requirements, adequate packaging, and compliance with bilateral agreements will ensure that pests and diseases and diseased animals and animal products will not be introduced in export. Staff will be trained in proper handling methods, appropriate storage of fuels and lubricants, and periodic safe transfer to recycling facilities, which will reduce soil contamination and water pollution. Safety equipment and clothing will be issued and on-site warnings given to avoid personal injuries. Loss of aquatic ecosystems and resources will be prevented by appropriately handling and storing pesticides, fertilizers, and waste materials. Also, farmers will be trained in appropriate application levels, the timeliness of applications, the handling of agrochemicals, and the wearing of protective clothing, as well as integrated pest management and organic farming techniques. Encourage vegetarians to adapt more holistic approaches to livestock health and improved productivity. Traditional plant varieties and indigenous and endemic germplasm will be protected. If genetically modified organisms (seeds) are imported, the effects on human health should be monitored. Those water systems affected through irrigation will be monitored to make sure water is not drawn from sources supporting important ecosystems and so as not to affect distribution among water users. Ensure proper drainage through well-designed irrigation systems. Crop rotation with legumes and green manures will avert heavy dependence on fertilizers. There will likely be some nutrient leaching from chemicals into surface waters and into groundwater sources as well as nutrient enrichment of the soil. Plan effective manure management and limit animal densities. Effective air emission controls will be deployed. Properly store and dispose of wastes to relieve water pollution. Workers will be outfitted with protective gear and trained in the safe operation of machinery. Hazardous sites will be well-marked with appropriate warnings, and workers trained in handling toxic materials. To prevent the spread of animal disease, employ strict quarantine measures and immediately destroy animals or herds found or suspected of disease, ensure cattle fed only feeds of plant origin, include detailed plan for handling and storing carcasses and cut meat. To reduce soil erosion, use contour cultivation minimum tillage, and organic farming methods, maintain windbreaks, and avoid cultivation on slopes. Avoid cultivation into forests and wetlands. Prevent lowering of water table by taking care not to extract at a rate higher than recharge.




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Moldova - Supplemental Project to the Rural Investment and Services Project : environmental assessment (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.