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Social development and absolute poverty in Asia and Latin America (English)

A social development perspective is used to seek an answer to why the incidence of absolute poverty is so different among developing countries in East Asia, South Asia and Latin America? It concludes that there exist other aspects of poverty unrelated to economic growth, such as lack of access to schools or health care. This paper relates the incidence of absolute poverty to the degree of presence or absence of thirteen social development indicators for the years 1985 and 1990 and to the average level of income for the same time period. There are three parts to the analysis. First, a univariate statistical description presents and explains each variable used. Second, a correlational analysis examines the rank correlation between the incidence of absolute poverty and the degree of social development and income. Nonparametric statistical techniques are used for measuring association and for testing the statistical significance of the correlations. Third, five other forces that may affect the level of absolute poverty are explored, including a country's material environment, its religious/spiritual history, its political structure, its culture, and its social organization.


  • Author

    De Geyndt, Willy

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  • Country

    Latin America,



  • Region

    OTH, Latin America & Caribbean, East Asia and Pacific, South Asia

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  • Doc Name

    Social development and absolute poverty in Asia and Latin America

  • Keywords

    clean coal;absolute poverty;life expectancy at birth;Primary and Secondary Education;indicators of health status;Analysis of Economic Growth;access to health care;cost of medical care;Food Security and Nutrition;per capita income;public sector expenditure;social development indicator;infant mortality rate;safe drinking water;per capita health;equitable income distribution;female life expectancy;access to school;perinatal mortality rate;high fertility rate;total fertility rate;official exchange rate;malnutrition in children;large capital investment;highly skilled personnel;distribution of resource;adequate social services;adequate sanitary conditions;maternal mortality ratio;high death rate;global economic growth;secondary school-age child;child malnutrition data;extent of poverty;nature of poverty;solar energy investment;Air Quality Management;health care service;average income level;high growth rate;social services delivery;economic growth strategy;purchasing power parity;primary school completion;female enrollment rate;per capita expenditure;expenditure health;health care spending;public sector spending;purchasing power level;social development perspective;income distribution analysis;share of income;foreign value added;economic growth rate;clean drinking water;government health expenditure;public health expenditure;flow of fund;absolute poor;



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De Geyndt, Willy

Social development and absolute poverty in Asia and Latin America (English). World Bank technical paper ; no. WTP 328 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.