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Urban economic planning models : assessing the potential for cities in developing countries (English)

Urban models can be divided into explanatory or policy-oriented classifications. Explanatory models are usually systematic attempts at explaining urban form; operational models, on the other hand, rely on either social physics or behavior principles. Explanatory models focus on the tradeoffs between the cost of the site itself and the costs of travel, the analytic problems caused by the unique quality of each location, the effects of transport congestion on city form, and the consequences of welfare emphasis on equity. The social physics form of operational models tries to replicate statistical regularities observed in the activities of people within a city. Economic models based on behavioral principles are the easiest to understand because their structure is drawn from behavioral relations derived from behavioral analysis. The characteristics of operational and explanatory models overlap. Two operational and two explanatory models are presented as exemplary techniques for modeling urban areas in developing countries. Useful explanatory models are likely to require large sets of disaggregated data in order to provide the building blocks for the operational models.

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Citation

Mohan, R.

Urban economic planning models : assessing the potential for cities in developing countries (English). World Bank staff occasional papers ; no. OCP 25 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/212581468764694501/Urban-economic-planning-models-assessing-the-potential-for-cities-in-developing-countries