Skip to Main Navigation

People, pathogens, and our planet : Volume one : towards a one health approach for controlling zoonotic diseases (English)

Whether living in urban or rural environments, humans tend to perceive the world around them as being shaped by culture and industry more than by natural history. Humans, however, are part of a biological continuum that covers all living species. Charles Darwin's 200th birthday in 2009 could serve to remind us of this. All animals, including humans but also plants, fungi, and bacteria, share the same basic biochemical principles of metabolism, reproduction, and development. Most pathogens can infect more than one host species, including humans. In 1964, veterinary epidemiologist Calvin Schwabe coined the term "one medicine" to capture the interrelatedness between animal and human health, and the medical realities of preventing and controlling zoonotic diseases or "zoonoses" -diseases that are communicable between animals and humans. One medicine signaled the recognition of the risks that zoonotic diseases pose to people, their food supplies, and their economies. Given the interrelatedness of human, animal, and ecosystem health, the rationale for some form of coordinated policy and action among agencies responsible for public health, medical science, and veterinary services is quite intuitive. Later, the term "one health" came into use, and later still, the broader concept of "one world one health," which is today used to represent the inextricable links among human and animal health and the health of the ecosystems they inhabit.


  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Other Agricultural Study

  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country


  • Region

    The World Region,

  • Disclosure Date


  • Disclosure Status


  • Doc Name

    Volume one : towards a one health approach for controlling zoonotic diseases

  • Keywords

    highly pathogenic avian influenza;emerging infectious disease;severe acute respiratory syndrome;zoonotic disease;peste des petits ruminant;agricultural economics;threat of avian flu;impact of climate change;public health;animal source food;food supply chain;national action plan;risk of disease;health of ecosystems;infectious zoonotic disease;globalization of production;review of curriculum;per capita consumption;contagious bovine pleuropneumonia;disease control strategy;african livestock;Public Health Emergency;land use change;Poverty & Inequality;extremely high mortality;animal health service;bovine spongiform encephalopathy;economies of scale;human population growth;african swine fever;rift valley fever;risk of exposure;access to laboratory;department of agriculture;quality of governance;lack of infrastructure;second world war;public health system;public health authority;veterinary public health;public health action;increase in expenditure;public health official;congressional research service;lines of communication;spread of disease;international tourist arrivals;animal health authority;public health standards;infrastructure and services;organization of work;emerging health risks;commitment of resource;channels of communication;fragmentation of habitat;global public good;public health service;agricultural production system;public health activity;hot spot;veterinary Services;agriculture system;livestock sector;ecosystem health;influenza a;veterinary health;wild species;Industrialized countries;emerging disease;industrialized country;human encroachment;Drug use;habitat fragmentation;natural ecosystem;public awareness;disease outbreak;Endemic Disease;early detection;global surveillance;Disease Risk;irregular migrant;small producer;global pandemic;farming system;global effort;h5



Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)

  • Official PDF
  • TXT*
  • Total Downloads** :
  • Download Stats
  • *The text version is uncorrected OCR text and is included solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.


People, pathogens, and our planet : Volume one : towards a one health approach for controlling zoonotic diseases (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.