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India - Industrial Pollution Prevention Project (English)

Project ratings show mixed results, for despite its likely sustainability, and substantial institutional development impacts, the assessment of outcome is unsatisfactory, as are both performances by the Bank, and Borrower. Lessons are as follows. There is a need to strengthen the technical capacity of financial intermediaries (FIs), before opening lines of credit aimed at reducing, or preventing pollution, to avoid the delays resulting from the FI's inability to screen, and appraise sub-projects, and their inadequate comprehension of the technical standards enforced by the Bank as a condition for sub-loan approval. Furthermore, effective outreach mechanisms supported by strong commitment from FI management should be established, given that industrial borrowing is sensitive to changes in interest rates, and perceived transaction costs. Related to this, is the need for donor coordination to harmonize credit terms within similar on-lending operations, financed by different donors, or at least to minimize the potential for confusion and overlap between programs. Pollution prevention activities should be focused on priority sites where the marginal benefits of pollution reduction are high, and for monitoring systems which can track local pollution trends over time. Therefore, alternative mechanisms to spatially, or thematically target polluting industries could also have been explored, with complementary financial, and technical assistance. In any case, a solid sub-project investment pipeline should have been developed for at least the first project year. Additionally, project components should be more carefully linked with expected outcomes, taking into account the likely time lag between efforts to strengthen regulatory effectiveness, and observed changes in industrial behavior to be encountered. Better analytic work before project preparation might have helped regarding these issues, as well as a substantial time, and level of effort for preparation, and supervision, with technical inputs backed by consistent management oversight and institutional memory from internal reviews.

Details

  • Document Date

    2003/06/30

  • Document Type

    Implementation Completion and Results Report

  • Report Number

    26255

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    India,

  • Region

    South Asia,

  • Disclosure Date

    2010/07/01

  • Doc Name

    India - Industrial Pollution Prevention Project

  • Keywords

    extension of closing date;Small and Medium Industries;marginal benefit of pollution;short period of time;investment corporation;international organization for standardization;state pollution control board;high rates of interest;comprehensive environmental management system;human resource development policy;public willingness to pay;lines of credit;quality at entry;medium scale industry;pollution prevention;hazardous waste management;industrial water supply;principal performance ratings;prevention of pollution;transfer of technology;waste heat recovery;terms of lending;municipal sewage treatment;frequently asked question;outputs by components;number of amendments;urban environmental issue;information systems development;financial management capacity;private sector entities;Water and Energy;surface water pollution;environmental awareness program;quality of data;bank's total credit;environmental regulatory agency;source capital;procurement of equipment;lack of ownership;pollution prevention activity;pollution prevention technique;institutional capacity building;incentive for compliance;Exchange Rates;bank's procurement procedures;risk of corruption;ratings of bank;release of fund;economies of scale;industry and trade;acquisition of equipment;legislation and regulation;institutional development impact;program of support;small scale industry;pollution control investment;privatization of state;industrial pollution control;waste minimization;individual investment;common treatment;credit line;industrial sector;Environmental Policy;institution strengthening;laboratory facility;Clean Technology;investment component;environmental regulation;environmental benefit;medium-scale industry;environmental compliance;financial autonomy;industrial investment;environmental legislation;borrower performance;industrial units;subproject proposal;pollution abatement;small-scale industry;business process;financing institution;municipal corporation;train activity;effluent recycling;industry finance;pollutant discharge;investment finance;internal control;quantitative information;primary focus;state budget;pollution issues;bank finance;procurement threshold;field monitoring;project financing;industrial source;environmental training;building industrial;distillery waste;educational program;state regulatory;natural environment;pollution reduction;utility cost;legal standard;voluntary agreement;production technique;guarantee agreement;information campaign;scale industrial;rural area;financing arrangement;extension service;resource recovery;observed change;industry behavior;information sources;waste utilization;quantitative indicators;environmental monitoring;environmental risk;petroleum coke;procedural requirement;financing terms;commercial agreement;content development;greenfield investment;Consulting services;tertiary treatment;project identification;institutional strengthening;monitoring equipment;managerial skill;national training;international training;loan size;sludge management;pollution load;effluent charge;stakeholder workshop;sewage services;capital subsidy;investment instrument;potential investment;environmental matters;commercial bank;pollute sector;fact sheet;informal network;organic fertilizer;energy conservation;foreign country;high pollution;environmental requirement;Technical Training;management accountability;scientific staff;financing option;registration system;regular meetings;medium-scale enterprises;governance problem;public credibility;environment department;pollution regulation;working level;positive impact;funding source;environmental outcome;environmental institution;electronic identity;project sponsor;resource optimization;environmental capacity;eligibility criterion;alternative energy;asian countries;cleaner production;macro policy;macro policies;financial incentive;draft policy;environmental initiative;effective outreach;transaction cost;donor coordination;credit term;regulatory effort;local pollution;indian rupee

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Citation

India - Industrial Pollution Prevention Project (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/215491468752715977/India-Industrial-Pollution-Prevention-Project