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In focus : an update on labor migration from Poland (English)

Following a large wave of post-accession labor migration, in particular from Poland and the Baltic countries to the European Union fifteen (EU15), labor outflows seem to be weakening recently. This weakening, and in some cases reversal, reflects the increases in wages of countries where the migrants originated, which is making the incomes they earn in the EU15 less attractive. At the same time, the main destination countries are undergoing an economic slowdown, which is weakening demand for migrant workers. These forces work together to help slow migration and perhaps reverse flows in the near term, at least for some categories of workers. But a return to the regular labor market from a temporary, below-potential, lower-skill job abroad may not necessarily be easy. It is unclear how fit these migrants are to reintegrate into labor markets back home. Some of these workers, moreover, have suggested that they may go abroad again. We may be witnessing the formation of a highly mobile segment of the labor market.




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In focus : an update on labor migration from Poland (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.