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Bhutan - Education Development Project : indigenous peoples plan (English)

This report outlines the past and planned consultation processes to ensure that education plans in Bhutan continuously take into account the needs of minority groups. While there are several language groups and communities, Bhutan is essentially composed of two broad ethnic groups, the Drukpas who are of Asian ethnicity and of Buddhist faith making up 80 percent of the population, and people of ethnic Nepalese origin who are mainly Indo-Aryan and of Hindu faith. Administratively, the country is divided into 20 Dzongkhags composed of 201 geogs. Seventy-nine percent of the Bhutanese population live in the rural areas. The project addresses the disadvantage of communities due to difficulties of access as well as the lack of demand amongst the population and the lack of adequate government resources. The actual details of the program, particularly related to the primary education provision originated from the communities. Between February and December 2001, the Dzongkhag administrators organized geog level workshops. During these workshops, the sector officers from the Dzongkhag Administration provided the technical assistance in assessing the situation of the geogs and encouraged communities to determine their priorities based on their assessments of the situation using a variety of tools from rapid appraisal to focused discussions. These exercises produced a list of proposals which form the basis of the geog plans. In most cases, the process of planning at the geogs involved a dual set of objectives, one providing communities the tools for planning, the other assessing and recording their needs. The expression of the communities' needs were aggregated to form the first draft of the geog plan. These plans were then presented for approval to a development forum comprising representatives from every geog under the Dzongkhag. Apart from providing further validity of expressed needs, the forum discussions helped create uniformity in the content as well as the form of geog plans.




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Bhutan - Education Development Project : indigenous peoples plan (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.