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Technical Report : Improving Governance of Indonesia's Peatlands and Other Lowland Ecosystems (Bahasa (Indonesian))

The report aims to advance a policy dialogue on how to address sustainability challenges from lowland developments. The specific approach discussed in this report is the "landscape approach" which, in turn, calls for improved "landscape governance." As a technical background study, the report serves four functions. First, it summarizes the principles of a landscape approach, elaborated in the context of Indonesia's lowlands through two previous technical studies. Second, it takes stock of current governance challenges in Indonesia's lowlands, focusing on those related to the government sector, and discusses how these challenges currently prevent a landscape approach from being implemented in Indonesia's lowlands. Third, it reviews Indonesia's recent efforts to address the governance challenges in the management of peatlands and other lowland ecosystems. Fourth, it offers recommendations on options to improve lowland governance in order to shift toward integrated management of Indonesia's lowlands based on a landscape approach.The report focuses on the lowland areas in eight fire-prone provinces, and on key landscape governance issues related to peatlands. Indonesia suffered many years of repeated fires and haze crises, with landmark events in 1982/83, 1997/98, 2002, 2006, 2009, and 2015. The 2015 El Niño-driven fires were particularly extensive and costly. Almost 80 percent of the 2015–16 fires occurred within the lowland areas in eight fire-prone provinces—Central Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, Jambi, Papua, Riau, South Kalimantan, South Sumatra, and West Kalimantan—which together account for 87 percent of lowland areas nationally. The report highlights the importance of sustainable landscape management of lowland areas, particularly of the peatlands within lowland boundaries, for achieving the Government of Indonesia’s objective in preventing land and forest fires.

Details

  • Author

    World Bank

  • Document Date

    2021/02/01

  • Document Type

    Report

  • Report Number

    150350

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Indonesia,

  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

  • Disclosure Date

    2021/08/27

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Technical Report : Improving Governance of Indonesia's Peatlands and Other Lowland Ecosystems

  • Keywords

    Peat; lowland ecosystems; United Nations Office for Project Services; national disaster management; Soil and Water Conservation; local public work; Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs; Water Management; integrated management; natural forest; oil palm; global climate change mitigation; rate of biodiversity loss; climate screening; land and water management; responsibility for water; land use; landscape approach; agricultural land resource; private sector practice; integrated water management; green growth; oil palm plantations; agriculture and forestry; sustainable landscape; sea level; river basin organization; palm oil production; water management activities; national policy priority; local government regulation; sea level rise; private sector concession; law and regulation; share value; sustainable Palm Oil; Conference of Parties; national development planning; civil society representatives; indicators of poverty; innovation research; timber forest; mineral soil; spatial planning; governance challenge

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Citation

World Bank

Technical Report : Improving Governance of Indonesia's Peatlands and Other Lowland Ecosystems (Bahasa (Indonesian)). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/222431593527245898/Technical-Report-Improving-Governance-of-Indonesias-Peatlands-and-Other-Lowland-Ecosystems