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Price and tax subsidies: effectiveness and challenges : Catatan penting jaring pengaman nasiona (Indonesian-Malay)

Many governments use price and tax subsidization to meet social protection objectives. They endeavor to reduce the cost of living for their population-or for a subset of the population-by subsidizing the price of goods or services in lieu of, or in addition to, direct income transfers. While these subsidies may distort production incentives, subsidize the non-poor more than the poor, and limit consumer choice, there are reasons why a government may choose to use some forms of pricing policy rather than make income transfers to help the poor.


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    Mackintosh,Fiona J., Del Ninno,Carlo

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    The World Region,

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    Catatan penting jaring pengaman nasiona

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    adverse consequences, agriculture, commodities, commodity subsidies, consumer choice, consumers, cost of living, coupons, exchange rates, famine, food price subsidies, food stamps, food subsidies, government intervention, Human Development, income, income support, income transfers, inequality, ministries of finance, monitoring mechanisms, nutrition, opportunity cost, policy decisions, political support, poor, price subsidies, quotas, safety net programs, Safety Nets, sales taxes, Social Safety Nets, targeting, Tax Subsidies, transport



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Mackintosh,Fiona J. Del Ninno,Carlo

Price and tax subsidies: effectiveness and challenges : Catatan penting jaring pengaman nasiona (Indonesian-Malay). Social Safety Nets Primer Notes; no. 4 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.